Yesterday the Journal of the American Medical Association published an article entitled Incidence of Diabetes in Youth in the United States. From the JAMA press release:
Non-Hispanic white youth have the highest rate of diabetes of all racial/ethnic groups for children in the U.S., with type 1 being the predominant kind of diabetes among youth, according to a study in the June 27 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on chronic diseases of children.
For children age 0 to 4 years and 5 to 9 years, most DM was type 1, regardless of race/ethnicity. The incidence of type 1 DM was highest among non-Hispanic white children, and lowest among American Indian and Asian-Pacific Islander children. Similarly, for older youth (10-14 years and 15-19 years), the incidence of type 1 DM was highest among non-Hispanic white children, followed by African American and Hispanic youth.
“…taken together [with other studies], these data suggest that the incidence of type 1 DM may be increasing in the United States, consistent with worldwide trends,” the authors write. “We estimate that the annual number of newly diagnosed youth with type 1 DM in the United States is approximately 15,000.”
The National Center for Health Statistics does not track the prevalence of Type 1 diabetes and it does not track the prevalence of diabetes in persons under 18 years of age. Links to our data on adult diabetes can be found here.
Our mortality data, publicly accessible via CDC’s WONDER database, provides the following death totals from diabetes, both type 1 and type 2, for persons aged 19 and under:
Much more information on juvenile diabetes, both type 1 and type 2, can be found at the
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases and at the CDC’s National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.