STATE VITALS: FLORIDA

February 26, 2013

Florida has the 3rd highest cesarean delivery rate in the U.S. (38.1% of all births). Only Louisiana and New Jersey have higher cesarean rates than Florida. The state also has the 5th highest percentage of births born to unmarried mothers (47.6%) and the 10th highest preterm birth rate (13% of all births).

In addition, a higher percentage of Floridians are without health insurance (19.7% in 2011) compared with the U.S. as a whole (15.1%) , and the state also has higher mortality rates from homicide and drug poisoning compared to the national average.

However, Florida also had the 3rd lowest mortality rate from influenza/pneumonia in 2010, as well as the 6th lowest mortality rate from stroke, and the 8th lowest mortality rate from Alzheimer’s disease — despite a large elderly population living in several areas of the state. Florida also has lower mortality compared to the rest of the nation for several other leading causes of death, including: heart disease, cancer, chronic lower respiratory disease, diabetes, and kidney disease.

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Trends in the Nutrition of Children

February 21, 2013

The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey put out a report on the energy intake for children and aged 2-19 from 1999-2000 through 2009-2010.  The report, Trends in Intake of Energy and Macronutrients in Children and adolescents From 1999-2000 Through 2009-2010, highlights trends in energy and macronutrients among U.S. children presented by sex, age group, and race and ethnicity.

Key findings from the report:

  • Caloric intakes for most of the age groups decreased between 1999-2000 and 2009-2010.
  • The percentage of total kilocalories from protein generally increased for children and adolescents except for non-Hispanic black girls.
  • The percentage of total kilocalories from carbohydrate decreased for non-Hispanic white boys and girls and for non-Hispanic black boys.
  • The percentage of total kilocalories from total fat or saturated fat for children and adolescents changed very little.

Mean macronutrient intake for children and adolescents aged 2–19 years, by sex, 1999–2010


Fast Food Consumption

February 21, 2013

13139_loresAs lifestyles become more hectic, fast-food consumption has become a growing part of the American diet.  More than one-third of U.S. adults are obese and frequest fast-food consumption has been shown to contribute to weight gain.  

The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) completed a report, Caloric Intake From Fast Food Among Adults: United States, 2007-2010, that presented the percentage of calories consumed n socifrom fast food by looking at differences in sociodemographic characteristics and weight status.

Key Findings from the Report:

  • During 2007-2010, adults consumed, on average, 11.3% of their total daily calories from fast food.
  • The consumption of calories from fast food significantly decreased with age.
  • Non-Hispanic black adults consumed a higher percentage of calories from fast food compared with non-Hispanic white and Hispanic adults.
  • No difference was observed by income status in the percentage of calories consumed from fast food among all adults.  Among young adults, however, as income increased, the percentage of calories from fast food decreased.
  • The percentage of total daily calories from fast food increased as weight status increased.

Percentage of calories from fast food among adults aged 20 and over, by sex and age:


STATE VITALS: DELAWARE

February 20, 2013

Delaware has the 4th highest percentage of births born to unmarried mothers (48.7%) in the nation, lower only than Mississippi, Louisiana and New Mexico and significantly higher than the total U.S. (40.8%). The state’s low birthweight rate is also higher than the U.S. as a whole (8.4% vs. 8.1%). Among the ten leading causes of death in the U.S., Delaware has mortality rates that are higher than the U.S. rate for the following causes: cancer, chronic lower respiratory disease, stroke, and accidents. The state also has higher rates of homicide and drug poisoning deaths than the overall U.S. rate.

However, Delaware has the 10th lowest suicide rate in the U.S., and a lower mortality rate from Alzheimer’s Disease than the U.S. as a whole. The state also has lower rates of teen births and preterm births than the total U.S. rate.


Breaking It Down

February 18, 2013

Slate and others have raised the question why NCHS chose to release two new contraception reports on Valentine’s Day.  The answer is that NCHS always releases its data whenever they’re ready to be published, give or take a day or two depending on the timing of other publications or events.  So, releasing these two reports about contraception on Valentine’s Day may have seemed a bit awkward, but perhaps not as awkward as releasing them on the same day as the State of the Union


Women’s Contraception Reports

February 14, 2013

Two new reports released by the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) give insight into the use and methods of contraception among women aged 15-44.

The first report, Use of Emergency Contraception Among Women Aged 15-44: United States, 2006-2010, focused on trends and variation in the use of emergency contraception and reasons for use among sexually experienced women. The data from the report found that young adult women aged 20-24, who were never married, Hispanic or or non-Hispanic white women that attended college were most likely to have ever used emergency contraception; about one in four had done so.

Some other key findings from the study include:

  • Most women who had ever used emergency contraception had done so one (59%) or twice (23%).
  • Almost 1 in 5 never-married women (19%), 1 in 7 cohabiting women (14%), and 1 in 20 currently or formerly married women (5.7%)  had ever used emergency contraception.
  • About one in two women reported using emergency contraception because of fear of method failure (45%), and about one in two reported use because they unprotected sex (49%).

Chart of the percentage of sexually experienced women using emergency contraception.

The second report, Contraceptive Methods Women Have Ever Used: United States, 1982-2010, highlighted the number of contraceptive methods women have used since 1982 and reasons for stopping use.  The report also followed trends among race, education, and religious affiliations.

Key findings from the report:

  • The percentage of sexually-experienced females who have used the pill has remained stable since 1995 (82%).
  • The percentage who’ve ever used Depo-Provera, a 3-month injectable contraceptive has increased from 4.5% of women in 1995 to 23% in 2006-2010.
  •  Ever-use of the contraceptive patch increased from about 1% in 2002 to 10% in 2006-2010.  The contraceptive ring had been used by 6.3% of women in 2006-2010.

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