STATE VITALS: Illinois

April 29, 2014

In the United States, Illinois ranks 13th in deaths from kidney disease.  The state also has a higher homicide and infant mortality rate than the rest of the country.

However, among the 10 leading causes of death in the U.S., Illinois has mortality rates that are lower than the U.S. rate for the following causes: chronic lower respiratory diseases, accidents, Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes, and suicide.


Use of Medication Prescribed for Emotional or Behavioral Difficulties Among Children Aged 6–17 Years in the United States, 2011–2012

April 29, 2014

Mental health problems are common chronic conditions in children.  Medication is often prescribed to treat the symptoms of these conditions. Few population-based studies have examined the use of prescription medication to treat mental health problems among younger as well as older school-aged children.

A new NCHS report describes the sociodemographic characteristics of children aged 6–17 years prescribed medication or taking medication during the past 6 months for emotional or behavioral difficulties, and describes parental reports of the perceived benefit of this medication.

  • Seven and one-half percent of children aged 6–17 years used prescribed medication during the past 6 months for emotional or behavioral difficulties.
  • A higher percentage of children insured by Medicaid or the Children’s Health Insurance Program used prescribed medication for emotional or behavioral difficulties than children with private health insurance or no health insurance.
  • A higher percentage of children in families having income below 100% of the poverty level used prescribed medication for emotional or behavioral difficulties than children in families at 100% to less than 200% of the poverty level.
  • More than one-half of children who used prescribed medication for emotional or behavioral difficulties had a parent report that this medication helped the child “a lot.”

 


QuickStats: Percentage of Currently Employed Adults Who Were Current Smokers by Selected Industries

April 29, 2014

During 2008–2012, 29.9% of adults 18 years or older currently employed in construction and 28.2% of those currently employed in mining were current smokers. Adults currently employed in construction were more likely than adults currently employed in manufacturing (23.3%), transportation/warehousing/utilities (23.2%), trade (22.0%), agriculture/forestry/fishing (18.6%), services (16.9%), or health care/social assistance (16.0%) to be current smokers.

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6316a12.htm?s_cid=mm6316a12_e


Rural and Urban Hospitals’ Role in Providing Inpatient Care

April 23, 2014

In 2010, 17% of the U.S. population lived in rural (nonmetropolitan) areas. Disparities in health care access between rural and urban areas have been documented. Rural hospitals not only provide inpatient care, but also emergency department, outpatient department, long-term care, and health care coordination . Rural hospitals may have difficulty remaining financially viable. Medicare payment policies help keep the low-volume hospitals solvent so that vulnerable populations have access to health care without traveling to urban areas.

A new NCHS report provides national data on patients served, and inpatient care provided, by rural hospitals in the health care system in 2010.

Key Findings from the Report:

  • In 2010, 12% of the 35 million U.S. hospitalizations were in rural hospitals.
  • A higher percentage of inpatients in rural hospitals were aged 65 and over (51%) compared with inpatients in urban hospitals (37%).
  • The average number of diagnoses for rural and urban inpatients was similar, as was the average length of stay.
  • Sixty-four percent of rural hospital inpatients, compared with 38% of urban hospital inpatients, had no procedures performed while in the hospital.
  • Following their hospitalization, a higher percentage of rural inpatients (7%) than urban inpatients (3%) were transferred to other short-term hospitals, and a higher percentage of rural (14%) than urban (11%) inpatients were discharged to long-term care institutions.

QuickStats: Percentage of Adults Aged 25 or Older Who Were Current Smokers or Current Regular Drinkers by Education Level

April 21, 2014

Among adults aged 25 or older in 2012, 26.5% of those who did not graduate from high school and 26.4% who had a high school diploma or GED were current smokers, compared with 19.7% who had attended some college and 7.9% with a college degree. In contrast, 64.2% of college graduates were current regular drinkers, compared with 52.3% of adults with some college, 47.3% of high school graduates or GED recipients, and 35.3% of adults who did not finish high school.

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6315a8.htm?s_cid=mm6315a8_e


STATE VITALS: IDAHO

April 21, 2014

Idaho

In the U.S., Idaho ranks 48th in the percentage of births to unmarried mothers (27.4%) and 47th in cesarean delivery rates (24.9).  The state’s teen birth rate is lower than the overall U.S. rate (28.3 vs. 29.4).  Idaho’s low birthweight rate ranks 44th in the country.

However, among the 10 leading causes of death in the U.S., Idaho has mortality rates that are higher than the U.S. rate for the following causes: chronic lower respiratory diseases, stroke, accidents, Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes, and suicide.

 

 

 


Regional Variation in Use of Complementary Health Approaches by U.S. Adults

April 17, 2014

Complementary health approaches are defined as “a group of diverse medical and health care interventions, practices, products, or disciplines that are not generally considered part of conventional medicine.”  They range from practitioner-based approaches, such as chiropractic manipulation and massage therapy, to predominantly self-care approaches, such as nonvitamin, nonmineral dietary supplements, meditation, and yoga. A new report presents estimates of the four most commonly used complementary health approaches among adults aged 18 and over in nine geographic regions, using data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey adult alternative medicine supplement.

  • Use of nonvitamin, nonmineral dietary supplements (17.9%) was greater than any other complementary health approach used by U.S. adults in 2012.
  • The use of practitioner-based chiropractic or osteopathic manipulation was nearly twice as high in the West North Central region as in the United States overall.
  • Use of nonvitamin, nonmineral dietary supplements was highest in the Mountain, Pacific, and West North Central regions.
  • Use of yoga with deep breathing or meditation was approximately 40% higher in the Pacific and Mountain regions than in the United States overall.