A new NCHS report presents estimates of HIV prevalence, the association of HIV status with key risk factors, and the prevalence of antiretroviral drug use among HIV-infected adults, based on the 2007–2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
Key Findings from the Report:
- During 2007–2012, the overall HIV prevalence among adults aged 18–59 residing in U.S. households was 0.39%.
- Men were more likely to be HIV-infected than women, and non-Hispanic black persons were more likely to be HIV-infected than all other race and Hispanic origin subgroups combined.
- HIV infection was associated with high-risk populations, including those with herpes simplex virus type 2 infection, 10 or more lifetime sexual partners, a history of prior sexually transmitted infection, or a history of same-sex sexual contact among men.
- One-half of HIV-infected adults were on antiretroviral therapy (51.9%). Among HIV-infected adults, 86.1% reported any lifetime history of HIV testing outside of blood donations.