QuickStats: Percentage of Adults Aged 25 Years or Older Who Had Seen a Health Care Professional in the Past 12 Months and Who Easily Understood Information from Their Health Care Providers Most or All of the Time by Sex and Education Level

November 15, 2019

In 2017, 91.6% of adults aged 25 years or older easily understood information from their health care providers most or all of the time.

The percentage of adults who easily understood health care information most or all of the time increased as education level increased.

Adults who had completed a bachelor’s degree or higher were the most likely to understand their health care providers at least most of the time (93.9%), whereas those without a high school diploma were the least likely (85.2%).

Men (91.0%) were somewhat less likely than women (92.1%) to have easily understood information from providers most or all of the time.

Source: National Health Interview Survey, 2017. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis.htm.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6845a6.htm


Emergency Department Visits for Injuries Sustained During Sports and Recreational Activities by Patients Aged 5–24 Years, 2010–2016

November 15, 2019

Questions for Lead Author Anna Rui, Health Statistician, of “Emergency Department Visits for Injuries Sustained During Sports and Recreational Activities by Patients Aged 5–24 Years, 2010–2016.”

Q: What do you think is the most significant finding in this report?

AR: The top activities that caused emergency room (ER) visits for sports injuries by patients ages 5-24 years were football, basketball, pedal cycling, and soccer. There was wide variation by age and sex in the types of activities causing ER visits for sports injuries.


Q: Out of all of the sports, which sport or activity was found to have the largest increase in ER visits over time?

AR: We did not assess trends over time in the report.


Q: Is it accurate to say that the sports in the study are the most dangerous? Or do they have the most ER visits because they are simply the most popular?

AR: There are likely other health care utilization measures besides ER visits that others would want to look at as well, but the purpose of the report was to estimate the number of ER visits for sports injuries, and these are the sports that account for the most visits.


Q: What are some limitations of the report?

AR: The definition of sports and recreational activities relied on data processing and manual review of medical records, which could have resulted in over- or under-estimation of the sports injury ER rate. The study did not include patients who sought care in other settings or who did not seek care; thus the estimates in the report are an underestimate of all health care utilization for sports injuries.


Q: Why is this report important?

AR: Many young Americans engage in some type of sports or recreational activity each year, and sports and recreation-related injuries are a common type of injury seen in hospital ERs. It’s important to understand the types of injuries that are most commonly seen in the ER and which sports account for those injuries in order to monitor and guide injury prevention efforts. In addition, we provide updated estimates of treatments administered in the ER for sports injuries, which provides new information that can be used to monitor improvements to the quality and value of care and serve as a benchmark for future studies.


Updated Provisional Drug Overdose Death Data: 12-Month Ending from April 2018- April 2019

November 13, 2019

 

Link: https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/vsrr/drug-overdose-data.htm


National Hospital Care Survey Demonstration Projects: Stroke Inpatient Hospitalizations

November 13, 2019

Questions for Lead Author Geoffrey Jackson, Health Statistician, of “National Hospital Care Survey Demonstration Projects: Stroke Inpatient Hospitalizations.”

Q: What was your objective in conducting this study?

GC: The objective of this study is to demonstrate the analytic potential of the National Hospital Care Survey (NHCS) by examining inpatient and emergency department hospital encounters due to stroke. Stroke is a leading cause of death and an economic burden with an estimated $33 billion spent each year on stroke-related health care services. NHCS provides a unique opportunity to study hospital care by examining length of stay and number of admissions due to stroke within the year. Additionally, NHCS is linked to the National Death Index to track mortality 30, 60, and 90 days after the hospitalization. This study shows that NHCS is a valuable data source for analyzing healthcare utilization and post-acute mortality.


Q: Is this a topic you’ve looked at before?

GC: I have not looked at hospitalizations related to stroke prior to this paper. The National Hospital Care Survey has been used in previous NCHS reports to study hospital visits related to pneumonia, Alzheimer disease, and traumatic brain injuries.


Q: Can you explain what the demonstration project is?

GC: A demonstration report is a venue that the National Center for Health Statistics uses to demonstrate the analytic capabilities of data sources that are not yet nationally representative. The National Hospital Care Survey is designed to produce national estimates on hospitalizations and emergency department visits. However, due to low responses rates in 2014, we were not able to produce reliable national estimates for the National Hospital Care Survey.


Q: How can one interpret the results that you found?

GC: The results in this report are not nationally representative. The results are only representative of the 94 National Hospital Care Survey hospitals that provided inpatient data and the 83 hospitals that provided emergency department data.


Q: What is the main point you want people to take away from this study?

GC: The NHCS provides researchers with hospital-related research opportunities not available in other hospital data sources.  Even though NHCS data are not nationally representative, insight into the hospital care received by stroke patients is possible through analysis of Intensive Care Unit use, multiple visits due to strokes, and post-acute mortality.

 


QuickStats: Birth Rates for Teens Aged 15–19 Years, by State — National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2018

November 8, 2019

In 2018, the U.S. birth rate for teens aged 15–19 years was 17.4 births per 1,000 females, with rates generally lower in the Northeast and higher across the southern states.

Teen birth rates ranged from 7.2 in Massachusetts, 8.0 in New Hampshire, 8.3 in Connecticut, and 8.8 in Vermont to rates of 30.4 in Arkansas, 27.8 in Mississippi, 27.5 in Louisiana, 27.3 in Kentucky, and 27.2 in Oklahoma.

Source: National Vital Statistics System. Birth data, 2018. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/births.htm.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6844a5.htm


QuickStats: Percentage of Adults Aged 18 Years or Older Who Did Not Take Their Medication as Prescribed or Asked for Lower-Cost Medication to Save Money Among Those Prescribed Medication in the Past 12 Months by Number of Chronic Conditions

November 1, 2019

In 2018, among adults aged 18 years or older who were prescribed medication in the past 12 months, the percentage who did not take their medication as prescribed to save money increased with the number of reported chronic conditions, from 6.2% with no chronic conditions to 9.1% with 1–2 chronic conditions and 14.0% with more than 3 chronic conditions.

The percentage who asked their doctor for a lower-cost medication also increased with the number of reported chronic conditions from 15.1% among those with no chronic conditions to 18.4% among those with 1–2 chronic conditions and 27.4% among those with more than 3 chronic conditions.

Source: National Health Interview Survey, 2018 data. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis.htm.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6843a6.htm