QuickStats: Percentage of Adults Aged 18 Years or Older with Disability by Diagnosed Diabetes Status and Age Group

May 22, 2020

In 2018, among adults aged 18 years or older, those ever receiving a diagnosis of diabetes were more likely to have disability than those never receiving a diagnosis of diabetes (27.1% versus 8.1%).

This pattern was consistent among adults aged 18–44 (16.3% versus 4.4%), 45–64 (24.5% versus 8.1%), and 65 years or older (33.3% versus 18.5%).

Regardless of diabetes status, the percentage of adults with disability increased with age.

Source: National Health Interview Survey, 2018. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis.htm.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6920a5.htm


Stats of the States: Alaska

May 19, 2020

Alaska

Alaska’s fertility rate of 69.3 births per 1,000 women ages 15-44 ranks 3rd among states in the U.S. and is higher than the national fertility rate of 60.1. Alaska’s teen birth rate is over 10% higher than the national rate, but its cesarean and low birthweight rates are the lowest of all 50 states. Alaska’s infant mortality rate is slightly higher than the national rate. Alaska has the 3rd highest suicide rate in the country, the 4th highest death rate from chronic liver disease and cirrhosis, and the 6th highest firearm fatality rate, but the drug overdose death rate in Alaska is nearly 35% lower than the national rate. Cancer is the leading cause of death in Alaska, followed by: (2) Heart Disease (3) Accidents (4) Chronic Lung Disease (5) Stroke (6) Suicide (7) Alzheimer Disease (8) Diabetes (9) Chronic Liver Disease/Cirrhosis, and (10) Influenza/Pneumonia. The marriage rate in Alaska of 6.7 marriages per 1,000 is slightly higher than the national rate, and the divorce rate in the state of 3.7 divorces per 1,000 is over 24% higher than the rate for the entire United States.

SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System, 2018

LINK:     https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/states/alaska/ak.htm

 


QuickStats: Percentage of Deaths, by Place of Death — National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2000–2018

May 15, 2020

The percentage of deaths from all causes that occurred in a hospital decreased from 48.0% in 2000 to 35.1% in 2018.

During that period, the percentage of deaths that occurred in the decedent’s home increased from 22.7% to 31.4%, and the percentage that occurred in a long-term care facility (hospice, nursing home, long-term care) increased from 22.9% to 26.8%.

Source: National Vital Statistics System. Underlying cause of death data, 2000–2018. https://wonder.cdc.gov/ucd-icd10.html.


Stats of the States: Alabama

May 11, 2020

alabama

Alabama’s fertility rate of 59.1 births per 1,000 women ages 15-44 ranks 22nd among states in the U.S. and is lower than the national fertility rate of 60.1. Alabama ranks 10th in teen birth rates, 6th in births to unmarried mothers, and 3rd in low birthweight and preterm births.   The infant mortality rate in Alabama is 7 infant deaths per 1,000 live births, tied for 7th highest in the U.S. Alabama has the 2nd highest firearm death rate in the nation – 21.8 firearm deaths per 100,000 – and the 3rd highest homicide rate at 12.2 homicides per 100,000. However, Alabama’s death rate from drug overdoses ranks 32nd among states and is nearly 25% lower than the national overdose death rate. Heart Disease is the leading cause of death in Alabama, followed by: (2) Cancer (3) Chronic Lung Disease (4) Stroke (5) Accidents (6) Alzheimer Disease (7) Influenza/Pneumonia (8) Diabetes (9) Kidney Disease, and (10) Septicemia. The marriage rate in Alabama of 6.8 marriages per 1,000 is slightly higher than the national rate, and the divorce rate in the state of 3.7 divorces per 1,000 is over 24% higher than the rate for the entire United States.

SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System, 2018

LINK:     https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/states/alabama/al.htm

 

 


QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Percentage of Adults Who Have Difficulty Seeing Even When Wearing Glasses by Poverty Status

May 8, 2020

In 2018, 14.9% of adults aged 18 years or older had some difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses, and 1.6% had a lot of difficulty or could not see at all.

The percentage of adults who had some difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses decreased as income increased, from 19.3% among those with income below the poverty threshold to 11.3% among those with income more than 400% of the poverty threshold.

The percentage of adults who had a lot of difficulty or could not see at all also decreased as income increased, from 4.2% among those with income below the poverty threshold to 0.8% among those with income more than 400% of the poverty threshold.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey, 2018. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis.htm.


Sexual Activity and Contraceptive Use Among Teenagers Aged 15-19 in the United States, 2015-2017

May 6, 2020

Questions for Gladys Martinez, Health Statistician and Lead Author of “Sexual Activity and Contraceptive Use Among Teenagers Aged 15-19 in the United States, 2015-2017.”

Q: Why does NCHS conduct studies on sexual activity and contraception?

GM: We conduct studies on sexual activity and contraceptive use to better understand the risk for sexually transmitted diseases, birth and pregnancy rates, and differences between groups in the U.S. reproductive age population.

For this report they are crucial for understanding differences in the risk of teen pregnancy and to put into context recent declines in the U.S. teen birth rate.


Q: Can you summarize how the data varied by sex and age groups?

GM: There has been a decline in the percentage of male and female teens who ever had sex from 1988 to 2017.  But the percentage of male teens who ever had sex continues to decline in most recent time period 2011-2015 to 2015-2017, but has remained the same for female teens.

Male and female had similar:

  • cumulative probabilities of having had sex at each age in their teen years
  • relationship between age at first sex and contraceptive use: teens with younger ages at first sexual intercourse were less likely to use a method of contraception

Q: Was there a specific finding in the data that surprised you from this report?

GM: For the first time since we have been collecting these data, the cumulative probabilities of having had sex by each age in the teen years were similar for young males and females.

Ever use of implant is 15% which is an increase from 2011-2015 when it was only 3%.


Q: How did you obtain this data for this report?

GM: Data for this report are from the 2015-2017 National Survey of Family Growth, a nationally representative in-person survey of men and women aged 15-49 in the United States.


Q: Do you have older data that is comparable beyond 2002?

GM: Yes, we have been tracking these data since the 1970s and the earliest published NSFG report shows data from 1988.


QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Suicide Rates by State — National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2018

May 1, 2020

In 2018, the U.S. suicide rate was 14.2 per 100,000 standard population, with rates varying by state.

The five states with the highest age-adjusted suicide rates were Wyoming (25.2), New Mexico (25.0), Montana (24.9), Alaska (24.6), and Idaho (23.9).

The five jurisdictions with the lowest suicide rates were the District of Columbia (7.5), New Jersey (8.3), New York (8.3), Rhode Island (9.5), and Massachusetts (9.9).

Source: National Vital Statistics System. Underlying cause of death data, 1999–2018. https://wonder.cdc.gov/ucd-icd10.html.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6917a4.htm