During 1999–2020, death rates from unintentional falls among persons aged ≥65 years increased among all age groups.
The largest increase occurred among persons aged ≥85 years, from 110.2 per 100,000 population in 1999 to 291.5 in 2020. Among persons aged 75–84 years, the rate increased from 31.5 to 67.9, and among those aged 65–74 years, the rate increased from 9.0 to 18.2.
Throughout the period, rates were highest among persons aged ≥85 years, followed by rates among persons aged 75–84 years, and were lowest among persons aged 65–74 years.
Significant differences in the age distribution of deaths by race and ethnicity were observed in the United States during 2020.
Decedents aged <65 years accounted for 26% of all U.S. deaths, but they accounted for approximately 50% of deaths among American Indian or Alaska Native (AI/AN) and Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander (NH/OPI) persons, 40% of deaths among Black or African American (Black) and Hispanic or Latino (Hispanic) persons, and 20% of deaths among Asian and White persons.
Smaller differences were noted among persons aged 65–84 years. Among persons aged ≥85 years, the pattern was reversed, with the percentage of all deaths ranging from approximately 11% among AI/AN and NH/OPI persons to 33% for Asian and White persons.
New provisional data show that the number of drug overdose deaths occurring in the United States increased by almost 7% from the 12 months ending in April 2021 to the 12 months ending in April 2022, from 101,167 to 108,174.
The number of opioid-involved drug overdose deaths in the United States for the 12-month period ending in April 2022 (81,692) increased from 76,383 in the previous year.
The number of drug overdose deaths involving synthetic opioids (excluding methadone; T40.4), psychostimulants with abuse potential (T43.6), and cocaine (T40.5) continued to increase compared to the previous year.
In 2020, age-adjusted suicide rates among females increased as the level of urbanization declined, from 4.6 per 100,000 population in large central metropolitan areas to 7.1 in small metropolitan areas, but were similar for small metropolitan, micropolitan, and noncore areas.
Rates among males were lowest in large central areas (16.9) and increased as the level of urbanization declined to 33.7 in noncore areas. Males had higher death rates than females for each corresponding urbanization level.
During 2020, 88.7% of children and adolescents aged 6–17 years had roads, sidewalks, paths, or trails in their neighborhood or near their home where they could walk or ride a bicycle.
Availability of these spaces was less common among children and adolescents who lived in families with incomes <200% of FPL (85.6%) than among those in families with incomes ≥200% of FPL (90.5%) and was consistent among children and adolescents in both urban (89.4% versus 93.9%) and rural (64.9% versus 77.4%) areas.
Regardless of income, availability of spaces to walk or ride a bicycle was lower among children and adolescents living in rural areas (73.4%) than among those in urban areas (92.1%).
There are a number of historical milestones associated with the recent study showing life expectancy declined for a second straight year in the United States. The 2019-2021 decline was the first time that life expectancy dropped two years in a row since 1961-1963, when John F. Kennedy was president. The 2.7 year drop since 2019 was the largest two-year decline going back nearly a century, when life expectancy dropped 3.6 years from 1921 to 1923 (during the Warren Harding administration).
Furthermore, the two-year decline in life expectancy from 2019-2021 was only the sixth time in recorded history that life expectancy dropped in consecutive years (1961-1963, 1924-1926, 1921-1923, 1915-1918, and 1902-1904). The 1915-1918 decline was the only three-year decline in recorded history – life expectancy dropped a staggering 15.4 years during that period, culminating with an 11.8 year drop in 1918, the main year of the Spanish flu pandemic. It’s worth noting that in 1919, the year after the worst of the pandemic, life expectancy increased a total of 15.6 years, wiping out that three-year decline from 1915 to 1918.
Life expectancy for Americans in 2021 fell to the lowest level in a quarter of a century – 76.1 years, the same level it was in 1996. For White people, life expectancy is at its lowest level since 1995 whereas for Black people it is at the lowest level since 1996. And life expectancy for American Indian/Alaskan Native individuals fell 6.6 years from 71.8 years in 2019 to 65.2 in 2021 – which is equal to what total life expectancy was in the United States back in 1944.