Fact or Fiction: Is yoga is the fastest-growing complementary health approach among children and adults in the United States?

November 8, 2018

 

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Use Of Yoga and Meditation Becoming More Popular in U.S.

November 8, 2018

The use of yoga and meditation has increased in the U.S., according to two new reports released by the CDC’s National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

The first report “Use of Yoga, Meditation, and Chiropractors Among U.S. Adults Aged 18 and Older” examines changes from 2012 to 2017 in the percentage of U.S. adults that used yoga, meditation and chiropractors in the past 12 months. Of the three complementary health approached presented, yoga was the most commonly among U.S. adults in 2012 (9.5%) and 2017 (14.3%). The use of meditation increased more than threefold from 4.1% in 2012 to 14.2% in 2017.

The second report released today, “Use of Yoga, Meditation and Chiropractors Among U.S. Children Aged 4–17 Years,” reveals that U.S. children aged 4-17 years who used yoga in the past 12 months increased significantly from 3.1% in 2012 to 8.4% in 2017. Further examination of 2017 data showed that girls were more likely than boys to have used yoga in the past 12 months (11.3% vs. 5.6%).

Other findings documented in the reports:

  • In 2017, the use of yoga among U.S. adults aged 18-44 (17.9%) was more than twice that of adults 65 years and older (6.7%).
  • In 2017, non-Hispanic white adults were more likely to use yoga (17.1%) and see a chiropractor (12.7%) in the past 12 months compared with Hispanic (8% and 6.6%, respectively) and non-Hispanic black (9.3% and 5.5%, respectively) adults.
  • The use of yoga, meditation and chiropractors saw a significant increase from 2012 to 2017, among U.S. adults.
  • Use of meditation increased significantly for U.S. children from 0.6% in 2012 to 5.4% in 2017.
  • Older U.S. children aged 12-17 were more likely to have used meditation (6.5%) and a chiropractor (5.1%) than younger children aged 4-11 (4.7% and 2.1% respectively) in 2017.
  • There was no significant difference in the use of a chiropractor for children from 2012 to 2017.

The two reports, “Use of Yoga, Meditation, and Chiropractors Among U.S. Adults Aged 18 and Older” and “Use of Yoga, Meditation and Chiropractors Among U.S. Children Aged 4–17 Years” are available on the NCHS web site at www.cdc.gov/nchs.


QuickStats: Percentage of Youths Aged 2–19 Years Consuming Any Fast Food on a Given Day, by Race and Hispanic Origin — National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2013–2016

October 15, 2018

During 2013–2016, 36.0% of youths aged 2–19 consumed fast food on a given day.

Non-Hispanic Asian youths (27.3%) had a lower percentage of fast food consumption on a given day, compared with non-Hispanic black (39.6%), Hispanic (36.6%), and non-Hispanic white (35.4%) youths.

There were no significant differences in fast food consumption on a given day among non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic youths.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics Data Brief No. 322. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/databriefs/db322.htm; National Center for Health Statistics, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data, 2013–2016. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes.htm.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6740a8.htm


Fact or Fiction: Do soft drinks account for one-fifth of all beverages consumed by American youth between ages 2 and 19?

September 13, 2018

Sources : National Health and Nutrition Survey, 2013-2016

https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db320.pdf


Beverage Consumption Among Youth in the United States, 2013-2016

September 13, 2018

Kirsten A. Herrick, Ph.D., M.Sc, NCHS Epidemiologist

Questions for Kirsten A. Herrick, Ph.D., M.Sc, Epidemiologist and Lead Author of “Beverage Consumption Among Youth in the United States, 2013-2016

Q: What made you decide to focus on what children in the United States drink for this study?

KH: In a previous report, we described the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among youth. This current study looks at beverage consumption in a different way. We are looking at all types of beverages, rather than focusing on only those that contain sugar or calories (energy.) Specifically in this new report, we look at beverage types by amount (grams) rather than by calories.


Q: Was there a finding in your new report that you hadn’t expected and that really surprised you?

KH: While there was nothing in this report that I hadn’t expected to see or that was surprising to me, the data results in this analysis do offer some new perspective. A new contribution from this research is a look at beverage consumption among non-Hispanic Asian youth and how this compares to other race and Hispanic origin groups. A notable finding is that non-Hispanic Asian youth drink more water compared to other groups.


Q: What differences or similarities did you see between or among various demographic groups in this analysis?

KH: We observed quite a few variations among demographic groups in our analysis of what youth in the United States are drinking. One interesting observation was that the contribution of milk and 100% juice to all beverage consumption, decreased with age—while the contribution of water and soft-drinks increased with age. While the types of beverages boys and girls drink are similar, we found that for Asian youth water accounted for the largest share of all beverages consumed compared with other race groups. The amount of beverages consumed as soft drinks was largest for non-Hispanic Black youth compared with other race groups, and the contribution of milk to overall beverage consumption is lowest among non-Hispanic Black youth in America.


Q: What would you say is the take-home message of this report?

KH: I think the real take-home message of this report is that beverage consumption is not the same for all U.S. youth. Since beverages contribute to hydration, energy and vitamin and mineral intake, these choices can impact diet quality and total caloric intake. It is very valuable for the U.S. Public Health Community to have this information, which can help guide their important work throughout America. I think it’s valuable information for families to have as well—and for youth in the U.S. to also be aware of the potential impact of these choices.


Q: What type of trend data do you have for U.S. children’s beverage consumption, and how has it changed over time, for example the last 20 years?

KH: While this report did not look at trends, the reason it does not present trends can tell us a lot about beverage consumption analysis over the years. The types of beverages available today are different than 20 years ago or in other years past. So trends wouldn’t strictly be comparing the same things over time.

Plus, this new report isn’t directly comparable with previous reports. For example, in this new Data Brief we looked at soft drinks and defined them as diet and non-diet forms of soda and fruit drinks. So this soft drink category is not equivalent to sugar-sweetened beverages—which has been the focus of some of our earlier analyses. Also, many past reports where we might have looked for trends—were interested in the energy from beverages. But water, an important beverage for hydration, doesn’t have calories, and therefore is often left out of earlier discussions and analyses about beverage consumption. In our new report we looked at total beverage consumption by amount (in grams) so we could include ALL beverages, not just those that contribute to calorie consumption.


Recent Increases in Injury Mortality Among Children and Adolescents Aged 10–19 Years in the United States: 1999–2016

June 4, 2018

NCHS released a new report that presents numbers of injury deaths and death rates for children and adolescents aged 10–19 years in the United States for 1999–2016.

Numbers and rates are presented by sex for 1999–2016, by injury intent (e.g., unintentional, suicide, and homicide) and method (e.g., motor vehicle traffic, firearms, and suffocation). Numbers and rates of death according to leading injury intents and methods are shown by sex for ages 10–14 years and 15–19 years for 2016.

Findings:

  • The total death rate for persons aged 10–19 years declined 33% between 1999 (44.4 per 100,000 population) and 2013 (29.6) and then increased 12% between 2013 and 2016 (33.1).
  • This recent rise is attributable to an increase in injury deaths for persons aged 10–19 years during 2013–2016.
  • Increases occurred among all three leading injury intents (unintentional, suicide, and homicide) during 2013–2016.
  • Unintentional injury, the leading injury intent for children and adolescents aged 10–19 years in 2016, declined 49% between 1999 (20.6) and 2013 (10.6), and then increased 13% between 2013 and 2016 (12.0).
  • The death rate for suicide, the second leading injury intent among ages 10–19 years in 2016, declined 15% between 1999 and 2007 (from 4.6 to 3.9), and then increased 56% between 2007 and 2016 (6.1).
  • The death rate for homicide, the third leading intent of injury death in 2016, fluctuated and then declined 35% between 2007 (5.7) and 2014 (3.7) before increasing 27%, to 4.7 in 2016.

Health Insurance Coverage: Early Release of Estimates From the National Health Interview Survey, 2017

May 22, 2018

Questions for Robin Cohen, Ph.D., Health Statistician and Lead Author on “Health Insurance Coverage: Early Release of Estimates From the National Health Interview Survey, 2017

Q: What were some of the major findings in your full-year 2017 health insurance estimates?

RC: In 2017, 29.3 million persons were uninsured at the time of interview. This is 19.3 million fewer persons than in 2010. In 2017, 9.1% were uninsured, 36.2% had public coverage, and 62.6% had private coverage at the time of interview.


Q: What are the trends among race and ethnicity groups who were uninsured in 2017 and compared over time?

RC: In 2017, 27.2% of Hispanic, 14.1% of non-Hispanic black, 8.5% of non-Hispanic white, and 7.6% of non-Hispanic Asian adults aged 18–64 lacked health insurance coverage at the time of interview.

Significant decreases in the percentage of uninsured adults were observed from 2013 through 2017 for Hispanic, non-Hispanic black, non-Hispanic white, and non-Hispanic Asian adults.

Hispanic adults had the greatest percentage point decrease in the uninsured rate from 2013 (40.6%) through 2016 (25.0%). The observed increase among Hispanic adults between 2016 and 2017 (27.2%) was not significant.


Q: What does your data show this year for Americans who have high-deductible health insurance plans compared to previous years?

RC: In 2017, 43.7% of persons under age 65 with private coverage were enrolled in a high-deductible health plan (HDHP). Enrollment in HDHPs has increased 18.4 percentage points from 25.3% in 2010 to 43.7% in 2017. More recently, the percentage enrolled in an HDHP increased from 39.4% in 2016 to 43.7% in 2017.


Q: What do you see in state-level estimates of health insurance coverage this year?

RC: Among the 18 states presented in this report, there were no significant changes in the percentages of uninsured among persons aged 18–64 between 2016 and 2017.


Q: What is the take home message in this report?

RC: The take-home message from this report is found in the number of Americans who no longer lack health insurance. In 2017, 29.3 million (9.1%) persons of all ages were uninsured at the time of interview. This estimate is not significantly different from 2016, but there are 19.3 million fewer uninsured persons than in 2010.