QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Death Rates for Males, Females and Both Sexes — United States, 2009–2018

August 7, 2020

During 2009–2018, the age-adjusted death rate in the United States generally declined, from 749.6 per 100,000 in 2009 to 723.6 in 2018.

The death rate among males declined from 2009 (890.9) to 2014 (855.1), increased in 2015 (863.2), and then remained relatively flat until 2018 (855.5).

Among females, the death rate declined steadily from 2009 (636.8) to 2018 (611.3). Throughout this period the death rate for males was higher than that for females.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System, mortality data. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/deaths.htm.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6931a5.htm


QuickStats: Number of Natural Heat-Related Deaths by Sex and Age Group — National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2018

July 31, 2020

In 2018, natural heat exposure was associated with 726 deaths among males and 282 deaths among females.

Among males, the highest number of heat-related deaths was for those aged 55–64 years (150) and among females for those aged 65–74 years (58).

The lowest numbers were for males (four) and females (two) aged 5–14 years. Approximately 72% of heat-related deaths were among males.

Source: National Vital Statistics System. Multiple cause of death data, 1999–2018. https://wonder.cdc.gov/mcd.html.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6930a6.htm


Infant Mortality in the United States, 2018: Data From the Period Linked Birth/Infant Death File

July 16, 2020

Questions for Danielle Ely, Health Statistician and Lead Author of “Infant Mortality in the United States, 2018: Data From the Period Linked Birth/Infant Death File.”

Q: Why does NCHS conduct studies on infant mortality?

DE: NCHS collects data from U.S. jurisdictions on infant deaths to provide national statistics on infant mortality. Infant mortality is considered a key public health indicator for a country.


Q: Can you explain what the Linked Birth/Infant Death File is?

DE: The linked file consists of infant death information linked with the birth certificate information for infants under 1 year of age. Individual birth and death records are selected from their respective files and linked into a single statistical record, thereby establishing a national linked record file. The linked birth/infant death data set is the preferred source for examining infant mortality by race and Hispanic origin. Infant mortality rates by race and Hispanic origin are more accurately measured from the birth certificate compared with the death certificate.


Q: Can you summarize how the infant mortality data varied?

DE: The U.S. infant mortality rate was 5.67 infant deaths per 1,000 live births, lower than the rate of 5.79 in 2017 and an historic low. The mortality rate declined in 2018 for infants of Hispanic women compared with the 2017 rate; changes in rates for other race and Hispanic-origin groups were not statistically significant. The 2018 infant mortality rate for infants of non-Hispanic black women (10.75) was more than twice as high as that for infants of non-Hispanic white (4.63), non-Hispanic Asian (3.63), and Hispanic women (4.86). Infants born very preterm (less than 28 weeks of gestation) had the highest mortality rate (382.20), 186 times as high as that for infants born at term (37–41 weeks of gestation) (2.05). Infant mortality rates by state for 2018 ranged from a low of 3.50 in New Hampshire to a high of 8.41 in Mississippi.


Q: What is the take home message for this report?

DE: Although the infant mortality rate continues to slowly decline, some groups have consistently higher rates than others (for example, by maternal race and Hispanic origin, infants of non-Hispanic black, American Indian or Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander women have higher rates than infants of non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic Asian, and Hispanic women). This information can further our understanding of current infant mortality trends and provide information on where improvements can be made.


Q: Any predictions for 2019 infant mortality data?

DE: We do not predict what will happen for the infant mortality rate in future years. Provisional estimates for each quarter can be found in the Vital Statistics Rapid Release Quarterly Provisional Estimates at https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/vsrr/infant-mortality-dashboard.htm. These data show a slight increase in the 2019 quarter 2 estimates to 5.69 infant deaths per 1,000 live births.  Note that this estimate may be revised when the 2018 quarter 3 estimate becomes available.


Provisional Drug Overdose Death Counts (thru December 2019)

July 15, 2020

 

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/vsrr/drug-overdose-data.htm


Provisional Drug Overdose Death Counts (thru November 2019)

June 17, 2020

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/vsrr/drug-overdose-data.htm


Quickstats: Cancer and Heart Disease Death Rates Among Men and Women Aged 45–64 Years — United States, 1999–2018

May 29, 2020

The cancer death rate for both men and women aged 45–64 years declined steadily from 247.0 per 100,000 in 1999 to 194.9 in 2018 for men and from 204.1 to 166.3 for women.

The heart disease death rate for men declined from 1999 (235.7) to 2011 (183.5) but then increased to 192.9 in 2018. For women, the heart disease death rate declined from 1999 (96.8) to 2011 (74.9), increased through 2016 (80.3), and then leveled off.

In 2018, the cancer death rate for men aged 45–64 years was 1% higher than the heart disease death rate; for women, the cancer death rate was approximately twice the heart disease death rate.

Source: National Vital Statistics System, Mortality Data. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/deaths.htm.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6921a4.htm


QuickStats: Percentage of Deaths, by Place of Death — National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2000–2018

May 15, 2020

The percentage of deaths from all causes that occurred in a hospital decreased from 48.0% in 2000 to 35.1% in 2018.

During that period, the percentage of deaths that occurred in the decedent’s home increased from 22.7% to 31.4%, and the percentage that occurred in a long-term care facility (hospice, nursing home, long-term care) increased from 22.9% to 26.8%.

Source: National Vital Statistics System. Underlying cause of death data, 2000–2018. https://wonder.cdc.gov/ucd-icd10.html.


QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Suicide Rates by State — National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2018

May 1, 2020

In 2018, the U.S. suicide rate was 14.2 per 100,000 standard population, with rates varying by state.

The five states with the highest age-adjusted suicide rates were Wyoming (25.2), New Mexico (25.0), Montana (24.9), Alaska (24.6), and Idaho (23.9).

The five jurisdictions with the lowest suicide rates were the District of Columbia (7.5), New Jersey (8.3), New York (8.3), Rhode Island (9.5), and Massachusetts (9.9).

Source: National Vital Statistics System. Underlying cause of death data, 1999–2018. https://wonder.cdc.gov/ucd-icd10.html.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6917a4.htm


QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Drug Overdose Death Rates by State — United States, 2018

April 17, 2020

In 2018, 23 states and DC had drug overdose death rates that were higher than the national rate of 20.7 per 100,000.

Except for Arizona and New Mexico, states with higher rates were in the eastern part of the country, including the two states with the highest rates: West Virginia (51.5) and Delaware (43.8). Twenty-four states had rates that were lower than the national rate; the states with the lowest rates were Nebraska (7.4) and South Dakota (6.9).

Three states (Illinois, Nevada, and Utah) had rates that were not statistically different from the national rate.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System, Mortality Data. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/deaths.htm.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6915a5.htm


Provisional Drug Overdose Death Counts (thru September 2019)

April 16, 2020

Provisional data in the United States shows that the reported number of drug overdose deaths occurring in the United States decreased by 0.9% from the 12 months ending in September 2018 to the 12 months ending in September 2019, from 68,421 to 67,839.

Link: https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/vsrr/drug-overdose-data.htm