February 27, 2017
For the period 2013–2015, 13% of adults aged 65 years or older reported having none of 10 selected diagnosed chronic conditions; 25% had one, 46% had two or three, and 16% had four or more of the conditions.
No differences by poverty status were observed among those who reported having two or three conditions, but those in the lowest income group (100% or less of the poverty threshold) were less likely to have none or only one of the chronic conditions compared with those in the highest income group (400% or more of the poverty threshold).
Those in the lowest income group also were more likely to have four or more conditions when compared with those in the highest income group (21% compared with 12%).
December 2, 2016
A reported 10.2% of adults aged 18 years or older cannot, or find it very difficult to, stand or be on their feet for about 2 hours without using special equipment.
The percentage of adults who reported this difficulty increased with age: 2.9% of those aged 18–44 years, 11.8% of those aged 45–64 years, 19.1% of those 65–74 years, and 33.2% of those aged 75 years or older.
Overall, women were more likely (11.9%) than men (8.3%) to report this difficulty, and higher percentages were noted for women within each age group.
January 14, 2015
From 2000 through 2010, the number of adults aged 85 and over in the United States rose 31%, from 4.2 million to 5.5 million, and in 2010, this age group represented almost 14% of the population aged 65 and over. It is estimated that by 2050, more than 21% of adults over age 65 will be aged 85 and over. Given this increase, adults aged 85 and over are likely to account for an increasing share of hospital utilization and costs in the coming years.
An NCHS report describes hospitalizations for adults aged 85 and over with comparisons to adults aged 65–74 and 75–84.
Key Findings from the Report:
- In 2010, adults aged 85 and over accounted for only 2% of the U.S. population but 9% of hospital discharges.
- From 2000 through 2010, the rate of hospitalizations for adults aged 85 and over declined from 605 to 553 hospitalizations per 1,000 population, a 9% decrease.
- The rate of fractures and other injuries was higher for adults aged 85 and over (51 per 1,000 population) than for adults aged 65–74 (9 per 1,000 population) and 75–84 (23 per 1,000 population).
- Adults aged 85 and over were less likely than those aged 65–74 and 75–84 to be discharged home and more likely to die in the hospital.
November 20, 2014
Residents in residential care, including assisted living, are individuals that cannot live independently, but generally do not require the skilled level of care provided by nursing homes. On any given day in 2012, there were 713,300 residents in 22,200 residential care communities nationwide. With the aging of the population, the numbers in residential care communities will likely increase, making them an important group within the long-term care population.
Using data from the first wave of the National Study of Long-Term Care Providers (NSLTCP), two new NCHS reports, Operating Characteristics of Residential Care Communities, by Community Bed Size: United States, 2012 and Characteristics of Residents Living in Residential Care Communities, by Community Bed Size: United States, 2012 describe characteristics of residents in residential care and compare selected characteristics by bed size.
State-level estimates for the characteristics presented in the reports are available from the NSLTCP website.
Key Findings from the Reports:
- In 2012, nearly 6 in 10 residential care communities had 4–25 beds, but more than 7 in 10 residents lived in communities with more than 50 beds.
- A higher percentage of communities with 26–50 beds and more than 50 beds were chain-affiliated and in operation for 10 years or more compared with communities with 4–25 beds.
- Compared with communities with 4–25 beds and 26–50 beds, a higher percentage of communities with more than 50 beds screened for cognitive impairment or provided dementia-specific programs.
- A higher percentage of communities with 26–50 beds and more than 50 beds provided therapeutic, hospice, mental health, and dental services compared with communities with 4–25 beds.
- In 2012, 16% of residents living in residential care communities with 4–25 beds were under age 65 compared with 5% of residents living in communities with more than 50 beds.
- A higher percentage of residents in communities with 4–25 beds were male, minority, and receiving Medicaid, compared with residents in communities with 26–50 beds and more than 50 beds.
- The prevalence of Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias was higher in communities with 4–25 beds (49%) than in communities with 26–50 beds (41%) and more than 50 beds (38%).
- The percentages of residents needing assistance with bathing, dressing, toileting, transferring in or out of a bed, and eating were highest in communities with 4–25 beds.
October 18, 2013
From 2000–2010, the number of persons in the United States aged 65 and over rose 15%, from 35.0 million to 40.3 million, and in 2010 this age group represented 13% of the population. It is estimated that by 2030, nearly one in five persons will be aged 65 and over. Given their growing proportion of the population, older individuals will comprise an increasing share of emergency department (ED) patients in the coming years. This is important because of the ED’s role in treating acute illness and injury in older adults and providing a pathway to these patients for hospital admission.
A new report from NCHS describes emergency department visits made by individuals aged 65 and over and compares age groups 65–74, 75–84, and 85 and over.
Key Findings from the Report:
- In 2009–2010, a total of 19.6 million emergency department (ED) visits in the United States were made by persons aged 65 and over. The visit rate for this age group was 511 per 1,000 persons and increased with age.
- The percentage of ED visits made by nursing home residents, patients arriving by ambulance, and patients admitted to the hospital increased with age.
- Twenty-nine percent of ED visits by persons aged 65 and over were related to injury, and the percentage was higher among those aged 85 and over than among those aged 65–74 or 75–84.
- The percentage of ED visits caused by falls increased with age.
December 2, 2009
In 2004, 11% of the 1.3 million nursing home residents aged 65 and over in the United States were black. Recent research suggests that black nursing home residents may be more likely than residents of other races to reside in facilities that have serious deficiencies, such as low staffing ratios and greater financial vulnerability. The National Center for Health Statistics released a report today examining differences observed between elderly black nursing home residents and residents of other races in functioning and resident-centered care. The chart below features one of the findings in the report:
For more, visit the report at www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db25.pdf.
October 9, 2008
Data from the 2004 National Nursing Home Survey (most recent available) sheds light on end-of-life (EOL) care in nursing homes. One in four residents began EOL care before being admitted to a nursing home. Nursing home residents receiving EOL care were older, more functionally and cognitively impaired, and more likely to have reported pain in the previous 7 days compared with nursing home residents not receiving EOL care. However, no differences in services and treatments received were observed depending on whether EOL care started on or prior to admission or after admission to the nursing home. For more info, see National Health Statistics Reports #9.