October 8, 2021
During 2015–2019, among women aged 25–44 years, 14.3% had ever used any infertility services, down from 16.8% during 2006–2010.
The percentage who had ever used medical help to get pregnant declined from 12.5% during 2006–2010 to 10.5% during 2015–2019, but the difference in the percentage ever using medical help to prevent pregnancy loss (6.8% during 2006–2010 and 5.8% during 2015–2019) was not statistically significant.
During both periods, a higher percentage had ever received medical help to get pregnant than had ever received medical help to prevent pregnancy loss.
Source: National Survey of Family Growth, 2006–2010 and 2015–2019. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nsfg/index.htm
August 16, 2013
NCHS has released a new report that presents nationally representative estimates and trends for infertility and impaired fecundity—two measures of fertility problems—among women aged 15–44 in the United States. Data are also presented on a measure of infertility among men aged 15–44.
Infertility is defined as a lack of pregnancy in the 12 months prior to survey, despite having had unprotected sexual intercourse in each of those months with the same husband or partner. Impaired fecundity is defined as physical difficulty in either getting pregnant or carrying a pregnancy to live birth.
NCHS data are used to monitor the prevalence and correlates of infertility and to evaluate the use, efficacy, and safety of infertility services and treatments.
Key Findings from the Report:
- The percentage of married women aged 15–44 who were infertile fell from 8.5% in 1982 (2.4 million women) to 6.0% (1.5 million) in 2006–2010.
- Impaired fecundity (trouble getting pregnant) among married women aged 15–44 increased from 11% in 1982 to 15% in 2002, but decreased to 12% in 2006–2010. Among all women, 11% had impaired fecundity in 2006–2010.
- Both infertility and impaired fecundity remain closely associated with age for nulliparous (childless) women. Among married, childless women aged 35–44, the percentage infertile declined from 44% in 1982 to 27% in 2006–2010, reflecting greater delays in childbearing over this period.
- Among married women in 2006–2010, non-Hispanic black women were more likely to be infertile than non-Hispanic white women.
- Some form of infertility (either subfertility or nonsurgical sterility) was reported by 9.4% of men aged 15–44 and 12% of men aged 25–44 in 2006–2010, similar to levels seen in 2002.