Fact or Fiction – Are Flu and pneumonia are responsible for 57,000 deaths in the United States each year?March 17, 2020
NCHS released a report that presents the final 2017 data on U.S. deaths, death rates, life expectancy, infant mortality, and trends, by selected characteristics such as age, sex, Hispanic origin and race, state of residence, and cause of death.
- In 2017, a total of 2,813,503 deaths were reported in the United States.
- The age-adjusted death rate was 731.9 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population, an increase of 0.4% from the 2016 rate.
- Life expectancy at birth was 78.6 years, a decrease of 0.1 year from the 2016 rate.
- Life expectancy decreased from 2016 to 2017 for non-Hispanic white males (0.1 year) and non-Hispanic black males (0.1), and increased for non-Hispanic black females (0.1).
- Age-specific death rates increased in 2017 from 2016 for age groups 25–34, 35–44, and 85 and over, and decreased for age groups under 1 and 45–54.
- The 15 leading causes of death in 2017 remained the same as in 2016 although, two causes exchanged ranks.
- Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis, the 12th leading cause of death in 2016, became the 11th leading cause of death in 2017, while Septicemia, the 11th leading cause of death in 2016, became the 12th leading cause of death in 2017.
- The infant mortality rate, 5.79 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 2017, did not change significantly from the rate of 5.87 in 2016.
QuickStats: Percentage of Adults Aged 18–64 Years Who Had an Influenza Vaccination† in the Past 12 Months, by Sex and Current Asthma StatusJanuary 18, 2019
In 2017, adults aged 18–64 years with current asthma were more likely to have had an influenza vaccination in the past 12 months (47.9%) than those without asthma (36.4%).
Regardless of asthma status, women were more likely than men to have had an influenza vaccination in the past 12 months.
Women aged 18–64 years with current asthma (51.3%) were more likely to have had an influenza vaccination than men with current asthma in this age group (41.6%).
Among adults aged 18–64 years without asthma, women also were more likely to have had an influenza vaccination (40.0%) than were men (32.8%).
Source: National Health Interview Survey, 2017.
QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Percentage of Adults Aged 65 Years or Older Who Had an Influenza Vaccine in the Past 12 Months, by Poverty Status — National Health Interview Survey, United States, 1999–2001 and 2014–2016February 26, 2018
During 2014–2016, 69.2% of all older adults, aged 65 years or older, had received an influenza vaccine in the past 12 months.
The percentage of older adults with family income ≥200% poverty level who had received an influenza vaccine in the past 12 months significantly increased from 67.9% during 1999–2001 to 72.2% during 2014–2016.
During the same period, the changes from 55.7% to 60.8% among those at the <100% poverty level and from 60.3% to 62.9% for those at the 100% to <200% poverty level were not statistically significant.
During both periods, older adults with income ≥200% poverty level were significantly more likely to receive an influenza vaccine compared with those with lower family income.
Source: National Health Interview Survey, 1999–2016
QuickStats: Number of Deaths from 10 Leading Causes by Sex — National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2015April 24, 2017
In 2015, a total of 1,339,226 deaths among females and 1,373,404 deaths among males occurred.
Heart disease and cancer were the top two causes of death for both females and males; other leading causes varied in rank by sex.
The 10 leading causes of death accounted for approximately three-quarters of all deaths.
CDC’s National Center for Health Statistics has updated its “Stats of the States” feature on the NCHS web site. This resource features the latest state-by-state comparisons on key health indicators ranging from birth topics such as teen births and cesarean deliveries to leading causes of death and health insurance coverage.
Tabs have been added to the color-coded maps to compare trends on these topics between the most recent years (2015 and 2014) and going back a decade (2005) and in some cases further back.
To access the main “Stats of the States” page, use the following link:
Questions for Maria A. Villarroel, Ph.D., Health Statistician and Lead Author on “Vaccination Coverage Among Adults With Diagnosed Diabetes: United States, 2015.”
Q: Why did you decide to look at vaccination coverage with diagnosed diabetes?
MV: Persons with diabetes are at an increased risk for complications from vaccine-preventable infections, and a number of these of vaccines are recommended for adults living with diabetes. We wanted to examine the vaccine coverage among different segments of adults with diagnosed diabetes. This report describes the receipt of select vaccinations among adults with diagnosed diabetes by sex, age, race and ethnicity, and poverty status.
Q: Overall, which vaccinations were more prevalent for adults with diagnosed diabetes?
MV: We examined vaccination coverage for influenza, pneumococcal, hepatitis B and shingles among adults with diagnosed diabetes. Among adults aged 18 and over with diagnosed diabetes, influenza vaccination (61.6%) was more prevalent than pneumococcal (52.6%) and hepatitis B (17.1%) vaccination. The shingles vaccine is indicated for those aged 60 and older and we found that fewer than 3 in 10 (27.2%) adults aged 60 and over with diagnosed diabetes had been vaccinated for shingles.
Q: How did the vaccination rates for adults with diagnosed diabetes vary by age?
MV: We compared vaccination coverage for influenza, pneumococcal and hepatitis B among adults diagnosed with diabetes who were aged 18-44, 45-59, 60-74 and 75 and over. Vaccination coverage was not the same across age groups. Vaccination for influenza and pneumococcal disease increased with age. In contrast, vaccination for Hepatitis B decreased with age. We also examined vaccination coverage for shingles among adults aged 60 and over, and those who were aged 75 and over were likely to have been vaccinated than those aged 60-74.
Q: How did the vaccination rates for adults with diagnosed diabetes vary by race and ethnicity?
MV: We compared vaccination coverage among adults with diagnosed diabetes who were Hispanic, Non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black and Non-Hispanic Asian. Non-Hispanic white adults were more likely than non-Hispanic black and Hispanic adults to have been vaccinated for influenza in the past year and to have ever been vaccinated for pneumococcal disease and shingles at some point in the past. Non-Hispanic Asian adults were more likely than non-Hispanic black and Hispanic adults to have been vaccinated for influenza, but these groups did not differ from one another on pneumococcal and shingles vaccination.
Q: Were there any findings that surprised you?
MV: It was surprising to see the difference in the vaccination coverage for vaccines that are recommended for all adults with diabetes. In addition to differences by age and race and ethnicity, we observed wide differences in vaccination coverage by income status. Adults with diagnosed diabetes who were not living in poverty were consistently the most likely group to have been vaccinated for influenza, pneumococcal disease, hepatitis B, and shingles. From other reports, diagnosed diabetes is more common among poor and near poor adults, yet this report showed that these group are the least likely to get vaccinated.
With winter now in full force, it is important for people to get vaccinated against influenza, a serious respiratory disease that can lead to hospitalization and sometimes even death. Every flu season is different, and influenza infection can affect people differently. An annual seasonal flu vaccine (either through a shot or nasal mist) is the best way to reduce a person’s chances of getting seasonal flu and spreading it to others.
Influenza vaccination rates among U.S. adults aged 18 and over inched up slightly from 35% in 2010 to 37% in 2011. This represents a big improvement from 1989 when only 9.6% of the adult population were reported to be vaccinated. Women are more likely than men to have ever received a influenza vaccination. Adults aged 75 years or older are more likely to have ever received a influenza vaccination compared with adults aged 65 to 74 years. And white adults are more likely than Hispanic and black adults to have received the vaccination.
Vaccination from influenza is one of the most important public health strategies. Between 2001 and 2011, annual influenza vaccination (for noninstitutionalized adults) increased among those aged 18–49 and 50–64 but was stable among those aged 65 and over (decreases in influenza vaccination coverage in 2005 were related to a vaccine shortage)
For more information on influenza, please check this link from the CDC.
NCHS now has an easy way for you to check out where your state stands on a variety of health measures compared with the nation as a whole and other states, including the following:
- Mortality from leading causes of death
- Birth data, including births to unmarried mothers, teen births, cesarean deliveries, low birthweight births, prenatal care, and preterm births
- Households using only wireless phones
- Infant mortality rates
- Marriage and divorce rates
- Percentage of people under 65 without health insurance
To use this tool, click on the image below.