QuickStats: Death Rates for Motor Vehicle Traffic Injury, by Age Group — National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2015 and 2017

February 15, 2019

From 2015 to 2017, death rates for motor vehicle traffic injury increased for persons aged 15 years or older.

For infants and children younger than 15 years there was no statistically significant change from 2015 to 2017, and this group had the lowest death rate (2.0 deaths per 100,000) in 2017.

The highest death rate in 2017 was for persons aged 75 years or older (19.1), followed by a 15.3 death rate for persons aged 15–34 years, and 12.8 for persons aged 35–54 and 55–74 years.

Source: National Vital Statistics System. Underlying cause of death data, 1999–2017.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6806a8.htm?

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QuickStats: Percentage of Persons of All Ages Who Had a Medically Attended Injury During the Past 3 Months by Age Group

February 8, 2019

During 2015–2017, 2.8% of persons of all ages had a medically attended injury in the past 3 months, and this varied by age.

The percentage who had a medically attended injury increased from 1.8% among those aged less than 10 years to 3.2% among those aged 10–19 years, declined to 2.5% among those aged 20–44 years, and then increased to 3.0% among those aged 45–64 years and to 3.7% among those aged 65 years or older.

Source: National Health Interview Survey, 2015–2017. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis.htm.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6805a7.htm


QuickStats: Percentage of Injury Deaths That Occurred in the Decedent’s Home for the Five Most Common Causes† of Injury Death — United States, 2016

July 9, 2018

In 2016, 31% of deaths from all causes of injury occurred in the person’s home.

The percentage varied by the cause of injury. More than half of the deaths attributable to poisoning (52%) occurred in the home.

Approximately 44% of deaths from firearms and suffocation occurred in the home.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System, Mortality File. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/deaths.htm.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6726a6.htm


Recent Increases in Injury Mortality Among Children and Adolescents Aged 10–19 Years in the United States: 1999–2016

June 4, 2018

NCHS released a new report that presents numbers of injury deaths and death rates for children and adolescents aged 10–19 years in the United States for 1999–2016.

Numbers and rates are presented by sex for 1999–2016, by injury intent (e.g., unintentional, suicide, and homicide) and method (e.g., motor vehicle traffic, firearms, and suffocation). Numbers and rates of death according to leading injury intents and methods are shown by sex for ages 10–14 years and 15–19 years for 2016.

Findings:

  • The total death rate for persons aged 10–19 years declined 33% between 1999 (44.4 per 100,000 population) and 2013 (29.6) and then increased 12% between 2013 and 2016 (33.1).
  • This recent rise is attributable to an increase in injury deaths for persons aged 10–19 years during 2013–2016.
  • Increases occurred among all three leading injury intents (unintentional, suicide, and homicide) during 2013–2016.
  • Unintentional injury, the leading injury intent for children and adolescents aged 10–19 years in 2016, declined 49% between 1999 (20.6) and 2013 (10.6), and then increased 13% between 2013 and 2016 (12.0).
  • The death rate for suicide, the second leading injury intent among ages 10–19 years in 2016, declined 15% between 1999 and 2007 (from 4.6 to 3.9), and then increased 56% between 2007 and 2016 (6.1).
  • The death rate for homicide, the third leading intent of injury death in 2016, fluctuated and then declined 35% between 2007 (5.7) and 2014 (3.7) before increasing 27%, to 4.7 in 2016.

Parental Report of Significant Head Injuries in Children Aged 3–17 Years: United States, 2016

February 9, 2018

Questions for Lindsey Black, Health Statistician and Lead Author of “Parental Report of Significant Head Injuries in Children Aged 3–17 Years: United States, 2016.”

Q: What was the reason you undertook this research?

LB: Previous research has indicated that the incidence is increasing and much of this trend is being driven by an increase among adolescents. Current incidence of concussions among children is estimated to be 3.5-16.5/1,000. Despite what is known, studies conducted thus far regarding the epidemiology of childhood concussions have either been regional and limited in size, focused on injuries related to sports, dependent on insurance claims, or based on emergency department visits.

There is a lack of a national prevalence and we need to understand the problem outside of the scope of sports injuries. Depending on ED visits are also problematic because evidence is emerging that there is an increasing trend in the use of primary care physicians and specialty clinics as the point of entry into the healthcare system for concussion diagnosis and treatment. Also relying on ED or medical claims will not include non-medically attended concussions.

Further, much research focuses on high school and collegiate athletes and therefore there is not much data on younger children. Despite this, there has been recent recognition for concern and appropriate treatment by the medical community. The goal of this study was to provide a national estimate of parent-reported significant head injuries as well as examine disparities by various demographics and socioeconomic indicators.


Q: What did you find most significant?

LB: There was a steady increase in the percentage of children that had ever had a significant head injury by age group. Although overall boys were more likely than boys to have ever had a significant head injury, the difference was only significant for the 15-17 age group.


Q: Are there any data that look at what sports might be contributing to the number of significant head injuries among children?

LB: Yes, in fact there are many studies that focus on sport related injuries. Our survey and study did not. What sets our study apart is that it was not limited to sports related injuries, so it is going to include a wider range of causes of injuries. Please see “Emergency Department Visits for Concussion in Young Child Athletes” (Bakhos, 2010) and “Epidemiology of Concussion and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury” (Laker 2011) to learn more.


Q: Do you have any insight about whether this percentage who’ve had significant head injuries has increased or declined over time?

LB: Unfortunately we do not have any other historical data on this topic from our survey. At this time, these questions were asked only in 2016 as part of content sponsored by the National Instutite of Health’s National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders.


Q: Any other points you’d like to make about this study?

LB: We found that about 1 in 10 children in the oldest age group 15-17 had ever had a significant head injury. We also found that overall, boys were more likely than girls to have ever had a significant head injury and there were also disparities by race and parental educational attainment.


QuickStats: Percentage of Children and Teens Aged 6–17 Years Who Missed More Than 10 Days of School in the Past 12 Months Because of Illness or Injury, by Serious Emotional or Behavioral Difficulties Status and Age Group

November 13, 2017

During 2014–2016, children aged 6–17 years whose parent or guardian indicated the child had serious emotional or behavioral difficulties (EBDs) were almost four times as likely to miss more than 10 days of school because of illness or injury compared with children without serious EBDs (13.4% compared with 3.5%).

Among children with serious EBDs, those aged 6–10 years were less likely (8%) to miss more than 10 days of school compared with children aged 11–14 years (15.6%) and children aged 15–17 years (19.5%).

Among children without serious EBDs those aged 15–17 years (4.7%) were more likely to miss >10 school days compared with children aged 6–10 years (3%) and children aged 11–14 years (3.3%).

Source: National Center for Health Statistics. National Health Interview Survey, 2014–2016

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/66/wr/mm6644a13.htm


QuickStats: Percentage of Children and Teens Aged 5–17 Years Who Missed >10 School Days in the Past 12 Months Because of Illness or Injury, by Sex and Age — National Health Interview Survey, 2013–2015

July 7, 2017

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During 2013–2015, 3.9% of boys and 4.3% of girls missed >10 school days in the past 12 months because of illness or injury.

Among children aged 15–17 years, girls were more likely than boys to miss >10 school days (6.8% compared with 3.9%).

Among girls, those aged 15–17 years were more likely than girls aged 5–10 years and girls aged 11–14 years to miss >10 school days (6.8% compared with 3.2% and 4.0%, respectively).

Among boys, there was no difference by age.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/66/wr/mm6626a8.htm