Significant differences in the age distribution of deaths by race and ethnicity were observed in the United States during 2020.
Decedents aged <65 years accounted for 26% of all U.S. deaths, but they accounted for approximately 50% of deaths among American Indian or Alaska Native (AI/AN) and Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander (NH/OPI) persons, 40% of deaths among Black or African American (Black) and Hispanic or Latino (Hispanic) persons, and 20% of deaths among Asian and White persons.
Smaller differences were noted among persons aged 65–84 years. Among persons aged ≥85 years, the pattern was reversed, with the percentage of all deaths ranging from approximately 11% among AI/AN and NH/OPI persons to 33% for Asian and White persons.
In 2020, age-adjusted suicide rates among females increased as the level of urbanization declined, from 4.6 per 100,000 population in large central metropolitan areas to 7.1 in small metropolitan areas, but were similar for small metropolitan, micropolitan, and noncore areas.
Rates among males were lowest in large central areas (16.9) and increased as the level of urbanization declined to 33.7 in noncore areas. Males had higher death rates than females for each corresponding urbanization level.
During 2020, 88.7% of children and adolescents aged 6–17 years had roads, sidewalks, paths, or trails in their neighborhood or near their home where they could walk or ride a bicycle.
Availability of these spaces was less common among children and adolescents who lived in families with incomes <200% of FPL (85.6%) than among those in families with incomes ≥200% of FPL (90.5%) and was consistent among children and adolescents in both urban (89.4% versus 93.9%) and rural (64.9% versus 77.4%) areas.
Regardless of income, availability of spaces to walk or ride a bicycle was lower among children and adolescents living in rural areas (73.4%) than among those in urban areas (92.1%).
In 2020, the age-adjusted drug overdose death rate among workers with paid, civilian usual occupations was 42.1 deaths per 100,000.
Drug overdose death rates were highest among workers in the following occupations: construction and extraction (162.6); food preparation and serving related (117.9); personal care and service (74.0); transportation and material moving (70.7); building and grounds cleaning and maintenance (70.0); and installation, maintenance, and repair (69.9).
During 2019–2020, the percentage of U.S. adults aged 18–64 years who were uninsured was 14.4%.
Among all race and Hispanic origin groups, non-Hispanic Asian adults (7.8%) were the least likely to be uninsured followed by non-Hispanic White (9.7%), non-Hispanic Black (14.6%), and Hispanic adults (30.4%).
Among the non-Hispanic Asian subgroups shown, adults of Korean (14.3%) origin were more likely to be uninsured than adults of Asian Indian (4.8%) and Chinese (6.5%) origin.
Other observed differences were not statistically significant.
March is Colorectal Awareness Month. 67% of U.S. adults aged 50–75 years met the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendations for colorectal cancer screening. Most persons (60.6%) had a colonoscopy in the past 10 years. Cancer screening leads to early detection, and early detection saves lives.
From 1999 to 2005, the overall age-adjusted rate of drug overdose deaths involving heroin in the United States remained stable at approximately 0.7 deaths per 100,000 population.
The rate increased slightly from 0.7 in 2005 to 1.0 in 2010 and further increased to a high of 4.9 in 2016 and 2017.
From 2010 to 2017, rates generally increased for each of the racial/ethnic groups shown, with the highest rates observed for non-Hispanic whites. In 2017, the rates were 6.1 for non-Hispanic whites, 4.9 for non-Hispanic blacks, and 2.9 for Hispanics.
During 2014–2016, 69.2% of all older adults, aged 65 years or older, had received an influenza vaccine in the past 12 months.
The percentage of older adults with family income ≥200% poverty level who had received an influenza vaccine in the past 12 months significantly increased from 67.9% during 1999–2001 to 72.2% during 2014–2016.
During the same period, the changes from 55.7% to 60.8% among those at the <100% poverty level and from 60.3% to 62.9% for those at the 100% to <200% poverty level were not statistically significant.
During both periods, older adults with income ≥200% poverty level were significantly more likely to receive an influenza vaccine compared with those with lower family income.
Source: National Health Interview Survey, 1999–2016