Wireless Substitution: Early Release of Estimates From the National Health Interview Survey, July–December 2018

June 27, 2019

Preliminary results from the July–December 2018 National Health Interview Survey indicate that the number of American homes with only wireless telephones continues to grow.

More than one-half of American homes (57.1%) had only wireless telephones (also known as cellular telephones, cell phones, or mobile phones) during the second half of 2018—an increase of 3.2 percentage points since the second half of 2017.

More than three in four adults aged 25-34 (76.5%), and a similar percentage of adults renting their homes (75.5%), were living in wireless-only households.

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QuickStats: Percentage of Adults Aged 18 Years or Older Who Have Lost All of Their Natural Teeth, by Age Group — National Health Interview Survey, 2000 and 2017

June 7, 2019

The percentage of adults aged 18 years or older who had lost all of their upper and lower natural teeth decreased from 9.3% in 2000 to 7.0% in 2017, and this pattern was consistent in each age group shown.

Complete tooth loss declined from 2.9% to 2.3% among adults aged 18–44 years, from 10.1% to 6.5% among adults aged 45–64 years, from 25.6% to 14.2% among adults aged 65–74 years, and from 34% to 24.9% among adults aged 75 years or older.

SOURCE: Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2000. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_215.pdfpdf icon. Tables of Summary Health Statistics, 2017. https://ftp.cdc.gov/pub/Health_Statistics/NCHS/NHIS/SHS/2017_SHS_Table_A-6.pdfpdf icon.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6822a5.htm


QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Percentage of Adults Aged 18 Years or Older Reporting Diabetic Retinopathy Among Those with Prediabetes or Diagnosed Diabetes by Age Group

May 31, 2019

During 2016–2017, adults aged 18–64 years with type 1 diabetes were more likely to have ever had diabetic retinopathy than adults with type 2 diabetes (23.8% compared with 5%).

Adults aged 65 years or older with type 1 diabetes were also more likely to have ever had diabetic retinopathy than adults with type 2 diabetes (24.6% compared with 8.7%).

For both age groups, among those with prediabetes, the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy was 0.6%.

Source: National Health Interview Survey, 2016–2017. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis.htm.


Quickstats: Rates of Injury from Sports, Recreation, and Leisure Activities Among Children and Adolescents Aged 1–17 Years, by Age Group — National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2015–2017

May 24, 2019

In 2015–2017, the rate of sports, recreation, and leisure injuries among children and adolescents aged 1–17 years was 82.9 per 1,000 population.

The rate of sports, recreation, and leisure injuries increased with age from 48.4 for those aged 1–4 years, to 72.7 for those aged 5–11 years, and to 117.1 for those aged 12–17 years.

Source: National Health Interview Survey, 2015–2017.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6820a6.htm


Strategies Used by Adults Aged 65 and Over to Reduce Their Prescription Drug Costs, 2016-2017

May 22, 2019

Questions for Robin Cohen, Ph.D. and Lead Author of “Strategies Used by Adults Aged 65 and Over to Reduce Their Prescription Drug Costs, 2016-2017

Q: Why did you decide to do a report on strategies used to reduce prescription drug costs in the United States?

RC: Although most adults aged 65 and over have prescription drug coverage through either Medicare Part D or some other source such as private health insurance Medicaid, or VA coverage, previous data indicate that some older adults may still use strategies to reduce prescription drug costs including not taking medication as prescribed or asking their doctor for a lower cost medication.


Q: Do you have data that directly corresponds with this report that goes back further than 2016-2017?

RC: We previously examined this topic using the 2013 National Health Interview Survey. However, this previous report was not solely focused on adults aged 65 and over.


Q: How did the data vary by age, sex and insurance coverage?

RC: In 2016–2017, among U.S. adults aged 65 and over who were prescribed medication in the past 12 months, the percentage who did not take their medication as prescribed or asked their doctor for a lower-cost medication to reduce their prescription drug costs varied by sex, age, insurance status, and poverty status. Among adults aged 65 and over, women, those aged 65–74, those with Medicare only, and those who were near poor were the most likely to not take their medication as prescribed. Adults aged 75 and over, those with Medicare and Medicaid coverage, and those who were not poor were the least likely to ask their doctor for a lower-cost medication.


Q: Was there a specific finding in your report that you did not expect?

RC: No, the findings in this report were similar to those previously published with earlier data. However in this report we were able to expand on previous research by focus on adults aged 65 and over and examine differences by sex, age group, health insurance status, and poverty status.


Q: What is the take home message for this report?

RC: Among adults aged 65 and over who were prescribed medication in the past 12 months, 4.8% did not take their medication as prescribed to reduce their prescription drug costs, and 17.7% asked their doctor for a lower-cost medication. Among adults aged 65 and over, women, those aged 65–74, those with Medicare only, and those who were near poor were the most likely to not take their medication as prescribed. Adults aged 75 and over, those with Medicare and Medicaid coverage, and those who were not poor were the least likely to ask their doctor for a lower-cost medication.

 


QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Percentages of Persons of All Ages Who Delayed Seeking Medical Care in the Past 12 Months Because of Worry About Cost,† by U.S. Census Region of Residence — National Health Interview Survey, 2012 and 2017

May 10, 2019

The percentage of persons of all ages who delayed seeking medical care in the past 12 months because of worry about the cost decreased from 8.2% in 2012 to 6.3% in 2017, and this pattern was consistent in each U.S. Census region of residence.

Delays in seeking medical care because of worry about the cost declined from 5.8% to 4.4% in the Northeast, from 8.4% to 6.6% in the Midwest, from 8.7% to 7.3% in the South, and from 9.1% to 5.9% in the West.

In both 2012 and 2017, persons of all ages living in the Northeast were the least likely to delay medical care because of worry about the cost.

SOURCE: Summary Health Statistics for the U.S. Population, National Health Interview Survey, 2012. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/ sr_10/sr10_259.pdfpdf icon.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6818a5.htm


Health Insurance Coverage: Early Release of Estimates From the National Health Interview Survey, 2018

May 9, 2019

Questions for Emily P. Terlizzi, M.P.H., Associate Service Fellow and Lead Author on “Health Insurance Coverage: Early Release of Estimates From the National Health Interview Survey, 2018

Q; How did the uninsured vary by age groups and compare to last year in this report?

ET: In 2018, 9.4% of persons of all ages, 11.1% of persons under age 65, 5.2% of children, and 13.3% of adults aged 18-64 lacked health insurance at the time of interview. In 2017, 9.1% of persons of all ages, 10.7% of persons under age 65, 5.0% of children, and 12.8% of adults aged 18-64 lacked health insurance at the time of interview. However, between 2017 and 2018, none of these differences by age group were significantly different.


Q: How did the uninsured vary by regions in the United States?

ET: In 2018, 7.7% of adults aged 18-64 living in the Northeast, 11.1% of those living in the Midwest, 18.4% of those living in the South, and 11.6% of those living in the West lacked health insurance coverage at the time of interview.


Q: Has there been an increase in the percentage of persons with private coverage enrolled in high deductible health plans?

ET: In 2018, almost 45.8% of persons under age 65 with private coverage were enrolled in a high-deductible health plan (HDHP). The percentage of persons enrolled in a HDHP has increased 20.5 percentage point since 2010.


Q: What is new in this report?

ET: This report provides health insurance estimates for the United States and 17 selected states using a full year of 2018 National Health Interview Survey data. Among adults aged 18–64 the percentage who were uninsured ranged from 4.9% in Massachusetts to 25.0% in Texas.


Q: What is the take home message for this report?

ET: The take-home message from this report is found in the number of Americans who no longer lack health insurance. In 2018, 30.4 million (9.4%) persons of all ages were uninsured at the time of interview. This estimate is not significantly different from the 29.3 million (9.1%) in 2017, but there are 18.2 million fewer uninsured persons than in 2010.