NCHS Releases New Reports This Week on Hearing Difficulty and Back/Limb pain among U.S. Adults

July 29, 2021

NCHS Releases two new reports this week on hearing difficulty and back/limb pain.

DB414_COver1The first report presents difficulties with hearing even when using a hearing aid among U.S. adults aged 18 and over by level of difficulty and age, sex, and race and Hispanic origin. It also presents estimates of the prevalence of hearing aid use among adults aged 45 and over to focus on the age group with higher rates of hearing difficulties.

Key Findings:

  • In 2019, 13.0% of adults aged 18 and over had some difficulty hearing even when using a hearing aid and 1.6% either had a lot of difficulty hearing or could not hear at all, even when using a hearing aid.
  • Hearing difficulties increased with age with 26.8% of those aged 65 and over having some difficulty and 4.1% having a lot of difficulty or could not hear at all.
  • Among adults aged 45 and over, men were more likely than women to have had some or a lot of difficulty or could
    not hear at all.
  • Non-Hispanic white adults aged 45–64 had higher rates of some difficulty, a lot of difficulty, or being unable to
    hear at all, compared with other race and Hispanic origin groups.
  • In 2019, 7.1% of adults aged 45 and over used a hearing aid; use was higher among men than women in all age groups.

DB415_Cover1The second report provides national estimates of any pain regardless of body region as well as estimates of back, lower limb (hips, knees, or feet), and upper limb (hands, arms, or shoulders) pain in the past 3 months among U.S. adults aged 18 and over by selected sociodemographic characteristics.

Key Findings:

  • In 2019, 39.0% of adults had back pain, 36.5% had lower limb pain, and 30.7% had upper limb pain in the past 3 months.
  • Adults aged 65 and over, women, non-Hispanic white adults, and those with income below 100% of the federal poverty level (FPL) were most likely to experience back pain.
  • Adults aged 18–29 (21.0%), men (33.5%), non-Hispanic Asian adults (20.6%), and those with income 200% of FPL or
    above (35.2%) were least likely to experience lower limb pain.
  • Adults aged 65 and over, women, non-Hispanic white adults, and those with income below 100% of FPL were most likely to experience

Urban-rural Differences in Dental Care Use Among Adults Aged 18−64

July 7, 2021

DB412_Cover1Questions for Amy Cha, Health Statistician and Lead Author of “Urban-rural Differences in Dental Care Use Among Adults Aged 18−64.”

Q: How does the data vary by sex, race, and income level?

AC: In both urban and rural areas, the percentage of adults aged 18-64 who had a dental visit in the past 12 months was higher among women and non-Hispanic white adults than men and Hispanic adults. Also, the percentage of adults who had a dental visit increased as family income increased in both urban and rural areas.


Q: Why did you decide to look at dental visits by urbanicity?

AC: Studies have shown that disparities exist in access to and use of dental care, especially between rural and urban areas. So, we decided to look at dental visits by urbanicity.


Q: Were you surprised by any of the findings in this report?

AC: We were surprised that the percentage of adults aged 18-64 with a dental visit in the past 12 months was significantly different between those residing in urban and rural areas.


Q: What is the take home message in this report?

AC: This report examined urban-rural differences in dental care use among adults aged 18-64, and its variation by sex, race and ethnicity, and family income as a percentage of the federal poverty level.


Q: Anything else that you would like share from the report?

AC: It has been reported that persons living in rural areas were less likely to have a preventive dental visit, but more likely to seek emergency dental treatment than those residing in urban areas. As shown in this report, the lower percentage of dental care utilization in rural areas may be attributed to the lower density of dental care providers in these areas.


QuickStats: Percentage of Adults Aged 18 Years or Older with Diagnosed Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, by Urbanization Level and Age Group — National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2019

July 2, 2021

In 2019, the percentage of adults aged 18 years or older with diagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) was higher among those living in nonmetropolitan areas (8.0%) than among those living in metropolitan areas (4.0%).

Percentages were higher in nonmetropolitan areas for adults aged 45–64 years (10.0% versus 4.8%) and aged 65 years or older (14.5% versus 9.5%), but the difference by urbanization level was not statistically significant for adults aged 18–44 years (1.9% versus 1.2%).

The prevalence of diagnosed COPD increased with age in both nonmetropolitan and metropolitan areas.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey, 2019. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis.htm

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7026a3.htm


Demographic Variation in Health Insurance Coverage: United States, 2019

June 29, 2021

New NCHS report presents national estimates of different types of health insurance coverage and lack of coverage (uninsured). Estimates are presented by selected sociodemographic characteristics, including age, sex, race and Hispanic origin, poverty status, education level, employment status, and marital status.

Findings:

  • In 2019, 33.0 million (10.2%) persons of all ages were uninsured at the time of interview. This includes 32.5 million (12.0%) persons under age 65.
  • Among children, 3.7 million (5.1%) were uninsured, and among working-age adults (aged 18–64), 28.8 million (14.5%) were uninsured.
  • Among persons under age 65, 64.3% were covered by private health insurance including 56.5% with employment-based coverage and 6.5% with directly purchased coverage. Moreover, 4.0% were covered by exchange-based coverage, a type of directly purchased coverage.
  • Among persons under age 65, two in five children and one in five adults were covered by public health coverage, mainly by Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP).
  • Among adults aged 65 and over, the percentage who were covered by private health insurance (with or without Medicare), Medicare Advantage, and traditional Medicare only varied by age, income level, education level, and race and Hispanic origin.


QuickStats: Percentage of Adults Who Did Not Get Needed Dental Care Because of Cost in the Past 12 Months, by Age Group and Sex — National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2019

June 25, 2021

In 2019, among adults aged ≥18 years, women (19.2%) were more likely than men (15.6%) not to get needed dental care because of cost in the past 12 months.

The difference by sex was seen for all age groups: 17.7% versus 13.1% among adults aged 18-29 years, 21.5% versus 16.7% among those aged 30–44 years, 21.5% versus 18.7% among those aged 45–64 years, and 14.4% versus 11.9% among those aged ≥65 years.

For both men and women, the percentages were highest among those aged 30–44 and 45–64 years.

For men, the percentages were lowest among those aged 18–29 years and ≥65 years; for women, the percentage was lowest among those aged ≥65 years.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics; National Health Interview Survey, 2019. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis.htm

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7025a5.htm


Urgent Care Center and Retail Health Clinic Utilization Among Adults: United States, 2019

June 22, 2021

NCHS released a new report today that examines urgent care center and retail health clinic visits among adults in the past 12 months by sex and selected characteristics.

Key Findings:

  • In 2019, 32.3% of women and 26.0% of men had one or more visits to an urgent care center or retail health clinic in the past 12 months.
  • Urgent care center or retail health clinic utilization decreased as age increased for both men and women.
  • Among both men and women, non-Hispanic white adults were more likely to have one or more urgent care center or retail health clinic visits than Hispanic, non-Hispanic black, or non-Hispanic Asian adults.
  • Urgent care center or retail health clinic utilization increased with increasing education level.


QuickStats: Percentage of Adults Aged ≥50 Years Who Ever Received a Shingles Vaccination, by Race and Hispanic Origin and Sex — National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2019

June 18, 2021

mm7024a5-f

In 2019, 26.1% of adults aged ≥50 years had ever received a shingles vaccination.

Non-Hispanic White adults (29.3%) were more likely than non-Hispanic Asian (22.9%), non-Hispanic Black (17.9%), and Hispanic (15.1%) adults to have ever received a shingles vaccination.

Overall, women (27.5%) were more likely than men (24.5%) to be vaccinated, and this pattern was consistent for non-Hispanic White women and men (30.9% versus 27.4%) and for Hispanic women and men (17.2% versus 12.7%).

No statistically significant difference by sex was observed for non-Hispanic Asian women and men (23.2% versus 22.5%) or non-Hispanic Black women and men (17.7% versus 18.1%).

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey, 2019. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis.htm

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7024a5.htm


Latest Mental Health Data from Household Pulse Survey

June 16, 2021

NCHS partnered with the Census Bureau on an experimental data system called the Household Pulse Survey to monitor recent changes in mental health, telemedicine and health care access during the pandemic.

The latest data collected from May 26 through June 7, 2021 shows 3 out of 10 U.S. (28.8%) reported symptoms of an anxiety or a depressive disorder in the past 7 days.  This is the lowest percentage since the start of the Household Pulse Survey more than a year ago.  However, the percentage is almost 60% for those with a disability.

The data also shows that 20.6% of U.S. adults took prescription medication for mental health and 9.5% received counseling or therapy in the last 4 weeks.


QuickStats: Percentage of Children† Aged 2–17 Years Who Wear Glasses or Contact Lenses, by Sex and Age Group — National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2019

June 11, 2021

mm7023a4-f

In 2019, 25.3% of children aged 2–17 years wore glasses or contact lenses, and the percentage increased with age among both boys and girls.

Among boys, 3% wore glasses among those aged 2–5 years, 20.0% among those aged 6–11 years, and 35.3% among those aged 12–17 years. Among girls, the corresponding percentages are 3.1, 26.4, and 48.2.

The percentage was higher among girls than boys overall and among those aged 6–11 years and 12–17 years, but not in the youngest age group.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey, 2019. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis.htm

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7023a4.htm


QuickStats: Percentage of Adults Who Are Very Worried About Ability to Pay Medical Bills if They Get Sick or Have an Accident, by Home Ownership and Age Group — National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2019

June 4, 2021

In 2019, 22.6% of renters were very worried about their ability to pay their medical bills if they get sick or have an accident, compared with 13.4% of homeowners.

For each age group, renters were more likely than homeowners to be very worried about paying their medical bills: 20.0% compared with 12.9% among those aged 18–39 years, 29.4% compared with 16.8% among those aged 40-64 years, and 16.1% compared with 8.0% among those aged 65 years or older.

Source: National Health Interview Survey, 2019. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis.htm

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7022a4.htm