QuickStats: Rate of Unintentional Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)–Related Deaths Among Persons Aged 24 Years and Under, by Age Group

October 16, 2020

From 1999 to 2018, death rates for unintentional TBI among persons aged 24 years and under declined across all age groups.

During the 20-year period, TBI-related death rates declined from 3.7 per 100,000 to 1.5 among children aged 0–4 years, from 3.0 to 0.9 for children and adolescents aged 5–14 years, from 14.7 to 4.4 for adolescents and young adults aged 15–19 years, and from 14.1 to 6.9 for young adults aged 20–24 years.

For most of the period, rates were highest for persons aged 20–24 years followed by those aged 15–19, 0–4, and 5–14 years.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System, Mortality Data. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/deaths.htm.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6941a5.htm


QuickStats: Death Rates from Influenza and Pneumonia Among Persons Aged 65 Years or Older

October 9, 2020

In 2018, the death rate from influenza and pneumonia among persons aged 65 years or older was 93.2 deaths per 100,000 population.

Death rates increased with age from 31.7 deaths per 100,000 population among adults aged 65–74 years, to 94.2 among adults aged 75–84 years, to 377.6 among those aged 85 years or older.

Rates increased with age for both men and women, and in each age group the death rates were higher for men than for women.

Source: National Vital Statistics System mortality data. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/deaths.htm.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6940a5.htm


Births in the United States, 2019

October 9, 2020

A new NCHS report presents selected highlights from 2019 final birth data on key demographic, health care utilization, and infant health indicators.

General fertility rates (the number of births per 1,000 women aged 15–44), prenatal care timing (the percentage of mothers with first trimester care), source of payment for the delivery (the percentage of births covered by Medicaid), and preterm birth rates are presented.

All indicators are compared between 2018 and 2019 and are presented for all births and for the three largest race and Hispanic-origin groups: non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic.

Findings from the Report:

  • The U.S. general fertility rate declined 1% in 2019 to 58.3 births per 1,000 women aged 15–44 from 59.1 in 2018; rates declined for non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic women.
  • The percentage of mothers beginning prenatal care in the first trimester of pregnancy increased from 2018 to 2019 among non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black women, but decreased among Hispanic women.
  • Medicaid as the source of payment for the delivery declined from 42.3% to 42.1% from 2018 to 2019.
  • The preterm birth rate rose 2% from 2018 to 2019 from 10.02% to 10.23%; rates rose for each race and Hispanic origin group.

Motor Vehicle Traffic Death Rates Among Adolescents and Young Adults Aged 15–24, by Urbanicity: United States, 2000–2018

October 8, 2020

Questions for Sally Curtin, Health Statistician and Lead Author of “Motor Vehicle Traffic Death Rates Among Adolescents and Young Adults Aged 15–24, by Urbanicity: United States, 2000–2018.”


Q: Was there a specific finding in the data that surprised you from this report?

SC: The finding that the difference in MVT death rates between persons aged 15-24 and 25 years and over has narrowed so much since 2000 so that the rate is only 7% higher for 15-24 year-olds in 2018.


Q: How did you obtain this data for this report?

SC: These data are from the National Vital Statistics System and come from the information from death certificates in the United States.  All of the rates in this report are reproducible from the CDC WONDER online database.


Q: How do you classify urban and rural areas?

SC: The National Center for Health Statistics developed a scheme (the latest published in 2013) to classify the urbanicity of counties by combining information on whether the county was considered to be part of a metropolitan area and the population of the county.  Based on this, there are four categories of Metropolitan (urban) counties, from largest to smallest, and two categories of rural counties.


Q: Is this the first report on motor vehicle deaths with an urban and rural breakdown?  Is there any trend data that goes back further than 2000?

SC: A recent NCHS report examined trends in MVT deaths by urban-rural classification but it was for all ages combined.  This is the first report to focus on trends in younger adults, aged 15-24, by urban-rural.

There is MVT trends data prior to 2000, although they are not entirely comparable to the data from 1999 to the present.  However, trends from 1980-1999 rates are generally downward.


Q: What is the take home message for this report?

SC: There has been great progress in reducing death rates to young adults aged 15-24, for whom this has been a leading cause of death.  However, the disparity in rates that still exist between rural and urban counties shows that there is more work to be done, particularly in the most rural areas.

 


Fact or Fiction: Are there more deaths from cocaine overdoses in the U.S. than from heroin overdoses?

October 7, 2020

Source: National Vital Statistics System

https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/databriefs/db384.htm


Provisional Infant Mortality Rates from 2017 to Quarter 3, 2019

October 6, 2020

No significant change was seen when comparing rate(s) for the 12-month period ending with 2018 Q3 with rate(s) for the 12-month period ending with 2019 Q3.

 

https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/vsrr/infant-mortality-dashboard.htm


Fact or Fiction: Suicide rates among young people in the Northeastern United States have not increased much over the last decade

September 11, 2020

Source: National Vital Statistics System

https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr69/NVSR-69-11-508.pdf


QuickStats: Rates of Deaths Attributed to Unintentional Injury from Fire or Flames by Age Group and Urbanization Level

August 28, 2020

In 2018, the death rates attributed to unintentional injury from fire or flames were lowest among those aged 15–24 years and highest among those aged 75 years or older.

In rural areas, death rates decreased with age from 2.0 per 100,000 for persons aged 0–4 years to 0.3 for those aged 15–24 years, and then increased with age to 5.6 for those aged 75 years or older.

The pattern was similar for urban areas, where rates were 0.5 per 100,000 for persons aged 0–4 years, decreased to 0.1 for those aged 15–24 years, and then increased with age to 2.8 for those aged 75 years or older.

Across all age groups, death rates were approximately two to four times higher in rural areas compared with urban areas.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System, mortality data; 2018. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/deaths.htm.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6934a8.htm 


QuickStats: Death Rates from Stroke Among Persons Aged ≥65 Years, by Sex and Age Group

August 21, 2020

In 2018, the death rate from stroke was 242.7 per 100,000 persons aged 65 years or older.

Persons aged 85 years or older had the highest death rate from stroke (984.3), followed by those aged 75–84 years (256.0) and those aged 65–74 years (76.8).

For both men and women, the death rates increased with age.  The death rate for women (261.6) was higher than that for men (219.0) for persons aged 65 years or older, but men had higher stroke death rates for the 65–74 and 75–84 age groups.

Women aged 85 years or older had higher death rates than did men in this age group.

Source: National Vital Statistics System mortality data. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/deaths.htm.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6933a5.htm


QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Death Rates for Males, Females and Both Sexes — United States, 2009–2018

August 7, 2020

During 2009–2018, the age-adjusted death rate in the United States generally declined, from 749.6 per 100,000 in 2009 to 723.6 in 2018.

The death rate among males declined from 2009 (890.9) to 2014 (855.1), increased in 2015 (863.2), and then remained relatively flat until 2018 (855.5).

Among females, the death rate declined steadily from 2009 (636.8) to 2018 (611.3). Throughout this period the death rate for males was higher than that for females.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System, mortality data. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/deaths.htm.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6931a5.htm