QuickStats: Birth Rates for Teens Aged 15–19 Years, by Age Group — National Vital Statistics System, United States, 1991–2018October 11, 2019
The birth rate for teens aged 15–19 years declined from a peak of 61.8 per 1,000 females in 1991 to a record low of 17.4 in 2018.
The rate has declined more rapidly since 2007. From 2007 to 2018, the rate declined from 21.7 to 7.2 for teens aged 15–17 years and from 71.7 to 32.3 for teens aged 18–19 years.
Source: NCHS, National Vital Statistics System. Birth Data, 1991–2018. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/births.htm.
Questions for Lead Author Sally Curtin, Health Statistician, of “Mortality Among Adults Aged 25 and Over by Marital Status: United States, 2010–2017.”
Q: This study seems to confirm what other research has concluded, that married people tend to live longer. Would that be a correct assumption?
SC: Yes, many studies have found that married people have better health and live longer than unmarried people. In this report, we are presenting age-adjusted death rates which clearly show that the rates are lower for married than never-married, divorced or widowed adults. In addition, the age-adjusted death rate for married adults declined 7% over the period, the largest decline of any group.
Q: There are a lot of jokes and other narratives in pop culture that married life is far from ideal, and yet these results seem to at least suggest that there is one major positive outcome related to the institution. Do you know why that is?
SC: There has been much research over the years on the pathways through which marriage might work to result in better health outcomes. In particular, researchers have explored the question of whether marriage is selective for good health or whether the institution itself is protective of health. By selective, I mean that people who are healthier, or who have correlates of better health (e.g. more education, higher income), are more likely to marry. This is true for the most part. However, there has also been research that has shown that marriage is protective of health, particularly for men, because married people are more likely to have health insurance, and a spouse may encourage better lifestyle and health habits as well as assist in healthcare related activities (scheduling doctor’s appointments, etc…). For example, a 2014 NCHS report found that among men with health insurance, those who were married were more likely than their unmarried counterparts (including those who were cohabiting) to seek preventive health services.
Q: Was this the first time you studied this topic?
SC: NCHS publishes age-adjusted death rates by marital status every year in their final death report. However, this is the first specialized report on this topic in almost 50 years.
Q: Was there anything in the findings that were surprising?
SC: I think it was the fact that even though age-adjusted death rates are much lower for married adults, these rates declined 7% between 2010 and 2017. This was the greatest decline of all groups–rates for never married persons declined by 2%, rates for divorced persons remained stable, and rates for widowed persons actually increased, by 6%.
Q: The patterns seem pretty consistent among men and women. Was there anything that you found between the genders that was inconsistent?
SC: Both men and women had 7% declines in the age-adjusted death rate for married persons. However, for men, the other groups remained relatively stable from 2010 to 2017. For women, those who were divorced had stable death rates but never-married women had a decline of 3% while widowed women had a 6% increase.
Q: Anything else you’d like to add?
SC: Just that the next step is to look at these findings by selected causes of death to determine whether the lower death rates for married adults are broad across most of the leading causes or contained to a few specific causes.
Fact or Fiction: Are death rates for married people in the U.S. lower than the rates for unmarried people?October 10, 2019
Questions for Anne Driscoll, Lead Author of ”Maternal Characteristics and Infant Outcomes in Appalachia and the Delta.”
Q: Why did you decide to do focus your report on maternal characteristics and infant outcomes in the Appalachia and Delta?
AD: The general goal was to explore regional patterns in health risk factors and outcomes.
Q: How did the data vary by region?
AD: In general, maternal characteristics and infant outcomes were the worst in the Delta, followed by Appalachia; they were generally best in the rest of the U.S.
Q: Was there a specific finding in your report that surprised you?
AD: Although outcomes did vary across regions for infants born to non-Hispanic white and black women, they did differ between Appalachia and the Delta for infants of Hispanic women and usually did not differ between these two regions and the rest of the U.S.
Q: What is the take home message for this report?
AD: Differences in maternal characteristics account for some, but not all, of the differences in infant outcomes between Appalachia, the Delta and the rest of the U.S.
Q: Why do you think there are differences in maternal characteristics among the Delta, Appalachia and the rest of the U.S.?
AD: Appalachia and the Delta are two of the most disadvantaged regions in the U.S., with higher poverty, poorer overall health (behaviors and outcomes) and lower educational levels than the U.S. as a whole. We would expect that the characteristics of women giving birth in these regions to reflect these patterns (e.g., lower educational attainment, higher rates of obesity and smoking, and higher rates of WIC receipt and Medicaid).
QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Rates of Drug Overdose Deaths Involving Heroin, by Race/Ethnicity — National Vital Statistics System, United States, 1999–2017September 20, 2019
From 1999 to 2005, the overall age-adjusted rate of drug overdose deaths involving heroin in the United States remained stable at approximately 0.7 deaths per 100,000 population.
The rate increased slightly from 0.7 in 2005 to 1.0 in 2010 and further increased to a high of 4.9 in 2016 and 2017.
From 2010 to 2017, rates generally increased for each of the racial/ethnic groups shown, with the highest rates observed for non-Hispanic whites. In 2017, the rates were 6.1 for non-Hispanic whites, 4.9 for non-Hispanic blacks, and 2.9 for Hispanics.
Source: National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System mortality data. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/deaths.htm.