QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Death Rates from Stroke Among Adults Aged ≥65 Years, by Race and Hispanic Origin — National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2000–2020

October 14, 2022

Age-adjusted death rates from stroke among adults aged ≥65 years generally declined from 425.9 deaths per 100,000 standard population in 2000 to 250.0 in 2019 before increasing to 260.5 in 2020.

During 2019–2020, stroke death rates increased for Hispanic adults (from 221.6 to 234.0), non-Hispanic Asian or Pacific Islander adults (from 203.9 to 216.4), non-Hispanic Black adults (from 328.4 to 352.2), and non-Hispanic White adults (from 246.2 to 255.0); changes for non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native adults were not significant.

Throughout the 2000–2020 period, death rates for non-Hispanic Black adults were higher than those for adults in other race and Hispanic origin groups.

Source: National Vital Statistics System, Mortality Data. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/deaths.htm

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/71/wr/mm7141a5.htm


QuickStats: Percentage of Total Deaths, by Age and Hispanic Origin and Race — United States, 2020

September 16, 2022

Significant differences in the age distribution of deaths by race and ethnicity were observed in the United States during 2020.

Decedents aged <65 years accounted for 26% of all U.S. deaths, but they accounted for approximately 50% of deaths among American Indian or Alaska Native (AI/AN) and Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander (NH/OPI) persons, 40% of deaths among Black or African American (Black) and Hispanic or Latino (Hispanic) persons, and 20% of deaths among Asian and White persons.

Smaller differences were noted among persons aged 65–84 years. Among persons aged ≥85 years, the pattern was reversed, with the percentage of all deaths ranging from approximately 11% among AI/AN and NH/OPI persons to 33% for Asian and White persons.

Source: National Vital Statistics System, Underlying Cause of Death by Single-Race Categories, 2018–2020. https://wonder.cdc.gov/ucd-icd10-expanded.html

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/71/wr/mm7137a6.htm


QuickStats: Percentage of Uninsured Adults Aged 18−64 Years, by Race, Hispanic Origin, and Selected Asian Subgroups — National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2019−2020

July 15, 2022

During 2019–2020, the percentage of U.S. adults aged 18–64 years who were uninsured was 14.4%.

Among all race and Hispanic origin groups, non-Hispanic Asian adults (7.8%) were the least likely to be uninsured followed by non-Hispanic White (9.7%), non-Hispanic Black (14.6%), and Hispanic adults (30.4%).

Among the non-Hispanic Asian subgroups shown, adults of Korean (14.3%) origin were more likely to be uninsured than adults of Asian Indian (4.8%) and Chinese (6.5%) origin.

Other observed differences were not statistically significant.

Source: National Health Interview Survey, 2019 and 2020 data. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis.htm


QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Death Rates for Motor Vehicle Traffic Injury, by Race and Hispanic Origin — United States, 2019 and 2020

July 1, 2022

Age-adjusted death rates for motor vehicle traffic injury increased from 11.1 per 100,000 population in 2019 to 12.0 in 2020.

The rates increased from 10.3 to 11.3 for Hispanic persons, from 14.5 to 18.3 for non-Hispanic Black persons, and from 11.2 to 11.6 for non-Hispanic White persons.

The changes in rates among other groups were not statistically significant. During 2019 and 2020, the rates were highest for non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native persons (25.3 and 25.7) and lowest for non-Hispanic Asian persons (4.0 and 3.7), respectively.

Source: National Vital Statistics System, Underlying Cause of Death by Single-Race Categories, 2018–2020. https://wonder.cdc.gov/ucd-icd10- expanded.html

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/71/wr/mm7126a4.htm


QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Suicide Rates for Males and Females, by Race and Ethnicity — National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2000–2020

February 25, 2022

After increasing from 2000 to 2018, age-adjusted suicide rates for non-Hispanic White males and females declined from 2018 to 2020, from 28.6 per 100,000 to 27.2 for males and from 8.0 to 6.9 for females.

Rates for non-Hispanic Black males and Hispanic males were lower than that for non-Hispanic White males over the entire period and increased more recently to 13.1 and 12.3, respectively, in 2020.

Rates for non-Hispanic Black females and Hispanic females, also lower than rates for non-Hispanic White females over the entire period, generally increased throughout most of the period and then leveled off to 2.9 and 2.8, respectively, in 2020.

Rates for all races and ethnic groups were higher for males than for females throughout the period.

Source: National Vital Statistics System, Mortality Data. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/deaths.htm

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/71/wr/mm7108a7.htm


Q & A with Author: Mortality Profile of the Non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native Population, 2019

November 9, 2021

Questions for Elizabeth Arias, Health Statistician and Lead Author of “Mortality Profile of the Non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native Population, 2019.”

Q: Is the first report on non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native (AIAN) mortality? 

EA: Yes. This is the first report that NCHS publishes exclusively on non-Hispanic AIAN mortality.  Limited mortality statistics for this population has been included in our standard mortality reports.


Q: Why is there an issue of misclassification of race and ethnicity on U.S. death certificates for the AIAN population?

EA: We do not know exactly why individuals who self-identify as AIAN while alive have a higher rate of being classified as a different race on their death certificates than other racial and ethnic populations.  What we know is that funeral directors who are responsible for filling out the demographic portion of the death certificate may rely on visual observation rather than ask family informants the race of decedent.  An important factor in visual misclassification is that the proportion of multiple race individuals, predominantly individuals who identify as both AIAN and white, within the AIAN population is relatively large.   


Q: Are there any differences in the leading causes of death order for the AIAN population compared to U.S. overall?

EA: Most of the 15 leading causes of death experienced by the non-Hispanic AIAN population are the same as those affecting the total US population.  However, there are important differences.  For the non-Hispanic AIAN population, homicide is the 13th leading cause of death whereas homicide is not one of the 15 leading causes of death for the total population. The order of the 15 leading causes of death differs for the non-Hispanic AIAN population.  Of note, Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis is the 4th leading cause for this population but the 11th cause for the US overall, Suicide is the 8th vs 10th cause, and Alzheimer is the 11th vs 6th cause.


Q: Is there any trend data on life expectancy for the AIAN population prior to 2019?

EA: We publish death counts, and age-specific and age-adjusted death rates for the AIAN population annually in our final mortality reports.  However, these estimates are not adjusted for misclassification.  The most reliable mortality estimates published prior to this report were based on a linkage of Indian Health Service (HIS) patient registration data and vital statistics mortality data covering years 1990-2009.  The data covered 65% of the non-Hispanic AIAN population, those living in Contract Health Service Delivery Areas of the IHS.  A special issue of the American Journal of Publish Health was published (see American Journal of Public Health – Volume 104, Issue S3 (aphapublications.org).


Q: What is the main takeaway message from this report?

EA: Racial and ethnic health and mortality disparities in the US are profound.  The non-Hispanic AIAN mortality profile resembles that of some of the populations in the poorest, under developed countries in the world.


QuickStats: Infant Mortality Rates for Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Counties by Single Race and Hispanic Origin — National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2019

November 5, 2021

In metropolitan counties, infant mortality rates were highest for infants of non-Hispanic Black mothers (10.60 infant deaths per 1,000 live births), followed by infants of non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native (5.95), Hispanic (4.96), non-Hispanic White (4.22), and non-Hispanic Asian (3.34) mothers.

In nonmetropolitan counties, the mortality rate was also highest for infants of non-Hispanic Black mothers (10.85), followed by infants of non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native (9.78), Hispanic (5.97), non-Hispanic White (5.63), and non-Hispanic Asian (4.85) mothers.

The infant mortality rate was significantly lower for infants of non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native, and Hispanic mothers in metropolitan counties compared with nonmetropolitan counties; differences in rates between metropolitan and nonmetropolitan counties for infants of non-Hispanic Black and non-Hispanic Asian mothers were not statistically significant.

Source: National Vital Statistics System. Linked Birth and Infant Death Data. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/linked-birth.htm


QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Rates of Firearm-Related Homicide by Race, Hispanic Origin, and Sex — National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2019

October 22, 2021

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In 2019, among males, non-Hispanic Black males had the highest age-adjusted rate of firearm-related homicide at 34.9 per 100,000 population and non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander males had the lowest rate (1.6).

Among females, non-Hispanic Black females had the highest rate (4.1) and non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander females had the lowest rate (0.5).

Males had higher rates than females across all race and Hispanic origin groups.

Source: National Vital Statistics System, Mortality Data, 2019. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/deaths.htm

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7042a6.htm


QuickStats: Percentage of Adults Aged 20 Years or Older Who Consumed Fruit on a Given Day, by Race and Hispanic Origin — United States, 2015–2018

September 10, 2021

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During 2015–2018, on a given day, 67.3% of adults aged ≥20 years consumed any fruit; 29.7% consumed citrus, melons, or berries; 47.5% consumed other whole fruits; and 30.8% consumed 100% fruit juice.

Non-Hispanic Asian (76.5%) and Hispanic adults (72.2%) were more likely to consume any fruit on a given day than non-Hispanic White (66.3%) and non-Hispanic Black adults (63.7%).

Non-Hispanic Black adults were least likely to consume citrus, melons, or berries (20.5%) and other whole fruit (35.6%), and non-Hispanic Asian adults were most likely to consume other whole fruits (60.1%).

A higher percentage of non-Hispanic Black (37.7%) and Hispanic (37.5%) adults consumed 100% fruit juice compared with non-Hispanic White (28.5%) and non-Hispanic Asian (28.9%) adults.

Source: NCHS Data Brief, no. 397, National Center for Health Statistics. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db397-H.pdf

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7036a5.htm


QuickStats: Percentage of Adults Aged 18–26 Years Who Ever Received a Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, by Race and Hispanic Origin§ and Sex

May 28, 2021

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Overall, in 2019, 47.0% of adults aged 18–26 years had ever received an HPV vaccination.

Non-Hispanic White adults (49.7%) were more likely than Hispanic adults (40.6%) to have ever received an HPV vaccination; differences between non-Hispanic Black adults (45.8%) and the other two groups were not statistically significant.

Overall, women were more likely than men to have been vaccinated (56.6% versus 37.2%), and this pattern was seen for non-Hispanic White women and men (60.6% versus 38.6%) and for Hispanic women and men (50.2% versus 30.8%).

However, the difference between non-Hispanic Black women and men (48.9% versus 43.0%) was not statistically significant.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey, 2019. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis.htm

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7021a5.htm