QuickStats: Percentage of Currently Employed Adults Aged 18 Years or Older Who Reported an Average of 6 Hours of Sleep or less per 24-Hour Period, by Employment Category

April 24, 2020

The percentage of employed adults who reported an average of 6 hours or less of sleep per 24-hour period increased from 28.4% during 2008–2009 to 32.6% during 2017–2018.

During this period, increases were noted among private sector employees (29.5% to 33.3%), government employees (28.8% to 32.8%), and the self-employed (24.3% to 31.4%).

A lower percentage of the self- employed reported 6 hours or less of sleep compared with private sector and government employees during 2008–2009.

The smaller differences by employment categories noted during 2017–2018 were not statistically significant.

Source: National Health Interview Survey, 2008–2009 and 2017–2018. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis.htm.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6916a5.htm


QuickStats: Percentage of Adults Aged 18 Years or Older Who Took Medication To Help Fall or Stay Asleep Four or More Times in the Past Week, by Sex and Age Group

December 13, 2019

During 2017–2018, 8.2% of adults aged 18 years or older took medication to help fall or stay asleep four or more times in the past week (6.6% for men and 9.7% for women).

Among men, the percentage who took medication for sleep four or more times in the past week increased with age from 3.8% among those aged 18–44 years to 10.7% among those aged 65 years or older.

Among women, the percentage increased from 5.8% for those aged 18–44 years to 12.7% among those aged 45–64 years and 13.2% among those aged 65 years older.

Across all age groups, the percentage was higher among women than men.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey, 2017 and 2018. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis.htm.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6849a5.htm


QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Percentages of Adults Aged 18–64 Years Who Never Felt Rested in the Past Week by Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin — National Health Interview Survey, 2017–2018

October 25, 2019

During 2017–2018, among persons aged 18–64 years, women were more likely than men to report they never felt rested in the past week overall (21.1% versus 14.3%) and in each race and Hispanic origin group.

Non-Hispanic white men (16.0%) were more likely to report they never felt rested than were Hispanic men (11.1%), non-Hispanic black men (12.0%), and non-Hispanic Asian men (9.7%).

Non-Hispanic white women (23.0%) were more likely to report they never felt rested than were Hispanic women (19.0%), non-Hispanic black women (18.9%), and non-Hispanic Asian women (13.7%).

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey, 2017–2018. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis.htm.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6842a4.htm 


Sleep Duration and Quality Among Women Aged 40-59, by Menopausal Status

September 7, 2017

Questions for Anjel Vahratian, Ph.D., Author of “Sleep Duration and Quality Among Women Aged 40-59, by Menopausal Status

Q: What made you decide to conduct this study on sleep duration and sleep quality for this group of women?

AV: My research focuses on the health of women as they age and transition from the childbearing period. During this time, women may be at increased risk for chronic health conditions such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. As insufficient sleep is a modifiable behavior that is associated with these chronic health conditions, I wanted to examine how sleep duration and quality varies by menopausal status.


Q: Was there a finding in your new study that surprised you, and if so, why?

AV: I was surprised to learn that nearly one in two women aged 40-59 did not wake up feeling well rested four times or more in the past week and that postmenopausal women aged 40-59 were more likely to experience disruptions in sleep quality compared with premenopausal women in the same age group.


Q: How did the women from your survey track their sleep behavior; for example, did they use a wearable sleep tracker?

AV: In this report, information on sleep duration and quality are based on self-report. Trained interviewers asked survey participants on average, how many hours of sleep did they get in a 24-hour period. In addition, they asked participants to recall how many times they had problems falling asleep and staying asleep and how many days they woke up not feeling well rested in the past week.


Q: In addition to menopausal status, do you have any other lifestyle information that could impact women’s sleep quality for this age group; for example, shift work employment or having infants or very young children in the home?

AV: While this report did not specifically look at other lifestyle factors that could affect women’s sleep duration and quality – other than age and menopausal status — my colleagues released a report in January 2016 on sleep duration and quality by sex and family type. This report looked at the presence of young children in the household. In addition, we have produced estimates of sleep duration and quality across several sociodemographic characteristics such as race and ethnicity, education, poverty status, marital status, and region.


Q: This report seems to offer just a single year of data – 2015; do you have any trend data to compare these findings to previous years, or any newer data?

AV: Unfortunately, we do not have any long-term trend data on sleep duration and quality among women aged 40-59 by menopausal status. The National Health Interview Survey, or NHIS, has included questions on sleep duration and quality since 2013, while the questions on menopausal status were a part of the 2015 NHIS cancer control supplement.


Q: What is the take-home message from this report?

AV: I think the real take-home message of this report is that sleep is critical for optimal health and wellbeing, and it is a modifiable risk factor for diabetes and cardiovascular disease. As sleep duration and quality vary by menopausal status, it is an area for targeted health promotion for women at midlife.