Regional Variation in Use of Complementary Health Approaches by U.S. Adults

April 17, 2014

Complementary health approaches are defined as “a group of diverse medical and health care interventions, practices, products, or disciplines that are not generally considered part of conventional medicine.”  They range from practitioner-based approaches, such as chiropractic manipulation and massage therapy, to predominantly self-care approaches, such as nonvitamin, nonmineral dietary supplements, meditation, and yoga. A new report presents estimates of the four most commonly used complementary health approaches among adults aged 18 and over in nine geographic regions, using data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey adult alternative medicine supplement.

  • Use of nonvitamin, nonmineral dietary supplements (17.9%) was greater than any other complementary health approach used by U.S. adults in 2012.
  • The use of practitioner-based chiropractic or osteopathic manipulation was nearly twice as high in the West North Central region as in the United States overall.
  • Use of nonvitamin, nonmineral dietary supplements was highest in the Mountain, Pacific, and West North Central regions.
  • Use of yoga with deep breathing or meditation was approximately 40% higher in the Pacific and Mountain regions than in the United States overall.

 


STATE VITALS: IOWA

April 17, 2014

Iowa has mortality rates that are lower than the United States rate in firearm deaths, homicide and drug poisoning deaths.  The state also has the 5th lowest mortality rate for kidney disease and ranks 11th  in percent of births to unmarried mothers.

However, Iowa has mortality rates that are higher than the U.S. for chronic lower respiratory disease and Alzheimer’s disease.  The state is also tied with the U.S. rate in suicides.


STATCAST: January – March 2014

April 15, 2014

Welcome to this edition of Statcast, a quarterly presentation of data highlights from the National Center for Health Statistics.  This edition covers the period January through March, 2014.
In 2012, 53,635 babies were born outside of a hospital in the U.S., including over 35,000 births that occurred in the home.  Just over 1 percent of all births in 2012 occur outside a hospital, compared to 44% in 1940.

Today, health care in America continues to undergo major changes towards modernization.  In 2013, 78% of office-based physicians used some type of electronic health record system in their practice -  up from 18% in 2001.

NCHS continues to track changes in the prevalence of diseases and chronic conditions .  New data from the National Health Interview Survey show that asthma prevalence in the U.S. dropped sharply during the first nine months of 2013.

A January QuickStat authored by statistician Jiaquan Xu documented that over the past decade, there were an average of 430 deaths each year in the U.S. from accidental carbon monoxide poisoning.

NCHS also published a study in Pediatrics which showed that coffee now accounts for nearly 25% of all caffeine intake among American youth, more than twice as much as a decade earlier.  And soda, which accounted for 62% of all caffeine intake in 2000, now accounts for 38% of caffeine intake.

Fact or Fiction.  Is the obesity epidemic in the U.S. leveling off?.   Answer:  IT DEPENDS ON THE GROUP.  For most age, gender and race/ethnic groups, obesity has not changed significantly over the past decade.   However, obesity has declined slightly over the last decade for children ages 2 to 5 – but has increased sharply for older women age 60 and up.


Unintentional Drowning Deaths in the United States, 1999–2010

April 15, 2014

Drowning is the third leading cause of death from unintentional injury worldwide, accounting for 7% of all injury-related deaths according to 2004 data from the World Health Organization.  Previous reports indicated that, although the death rate from unintentional drowning for persons aged 0–19 years decreased in the United States, drowning had become the major cause of death from unintentional injury among children aged 1–4 years.  To facilitate injury prevention programs, A new NCHS report analyzed mortality data from the National Vital Statistics System from 1999 through 2010 to provide more detailed information on characteristics and patterns of unintentional drowning deaths, including recent trends and drowning by day of week, age group, sex, and place of incident.

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Key Findings from the Report:

  • From 1999 through 2010, a total of 46,419 deaths from unintentional drowning (including boating) occurred in the United States, an average of 3,868 deaths per year.
  • Drowning death rates decreased over time for all age groups except for adults aged 45–84.
  • The average daily number of deaths from unintentional drowning on a weekend day was 48% higher than that on a weekday (13.8 versus 9.3 deaths).
  • Since 2005, unintentional drowning has replaced motor vehicle traffic incidents as the leading cause of death from unintentional injury for boys aged 1–4 years.
  • Drowning occurred most often in a bath tub for persons under 1 year of age and for adults aged 85 and over, in a swimming pool for children aged 1–4 years, and in natural water for persons aged 5–84 years.

QUICKSTATS: Percentage of Men and Women Who Regularly Had Insomnia or Trouble Sleeping by Family Income as a Percentage of Poverty Level

April 14, 2014

During 2012, the percentage of adults aged 18 years or older who reported that they regularly had insomnia or trouble sleeping during the past 12 months ranged from 15.8% for those with family incomes more than 400% of the poverty level to 24.8% for those with family incomes under 100% of the poverty level.  For both men and women, the percentage who regularly had insomnia or trouble sleeping decreased as family income increased. At every family income level, women were more likely than men to ave had insomnia or trouble sleeping.

 


Pulmonary Hypertension Deaths Increase in Past Decade

April 14, 2014

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is an uncommon but progressive condition. Much of what we know about PH comes from specialized disease registries.  PH occurs when the blood pressure in the pulmonary arteries, which carry oxygen and blood from the heart to the lungs, is much higher than normal. 

The decline in death rates associated with PH among males from 1980 to 2005 has reversed and now shows a significant increasing trend. Similarly, the death rates for women with PH have continued to significantly increase during the past decade, according to new research in the April 3rd edition of  Chest Journal.  However, there have been significant declines in PH-associated mortality rates for those with pulmonary embolism and emphysema.

The article, “Pulmonary Hypertension Surveillance — United States, 2001–2010,” authored by Mary G. George, Linda J. Schieb, Carma Ayala, Shaleah Levant, and Anjali Talwalkar of the National Center for Health Statistics shows continued surveillance of PH helps us understand and address evolving trends in hospitalization and mortality associated with PH and for PH-associated conditions, especially for sex, age, and race/ethnicity disparities.

The study is based on analyzed mortality data from the National Vital Statistics System and data from the National Hospital Discharge Survey between 2001 and 2010.

http://journal.publications.chestnet.org/article.aspx?articleid=1857526

http://www.cdc.gov/dhdsp/data_statistics/fact_sheets/fs_pulmonary_hypertension.htm


Percentage of People Under age 65 in Families Having Problems Paying Medical Bills Decrease

April 9, 2014

A new NCHS report provides updated estimates for the percentage of persons under age 65 who were in families having problems paying medical bills, by selected demographic variables, based on data from five consecutive 6-month periods from January–June 2011 to January–June 2013 of the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). In this report, an NHIS “family” is defined as an individual or a group of two or more related persons living together in the same housing unit. Thus, a family can consist of only one person. In some instances, unrelated persons sharing the same household, such as an unmarried couple living together, may also be considered a family.

Key Findings from the Report:

• The percentage of persons under age 65 who were in families having problems paying medical bills decreased from 21.7% (57.6 million) in the first 6 months of 2011 to 19.8% (52.8 million) in the first 6 months of 2013.
• Within each 6-month period from January 2011 through June 2013, children aged 0–17 years were more likely than adults aged 18–64 to be in families having problems paying medical bills.
• The percentage of children aged 0–17 years who were in families having problems paying medical bills decreased from 23.7% in the first 6 months of 2011 to 21.3% in the first 6 months of 2013.
• In the first 6 months of 2013, among persons under age 65, 34.3% of those who were uninsured, 24.7% of those who had public coverage, and 14.1% of those who had private coverage were in families having problems paying medical bills in the past 12 months.
• In the first 6 months of 2013, 28.6% of poor, 33.3% of near poor, and 14.3% of not poor persons under age 65 were in families having problems paying medical bills in the past 12 months.


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