Approximately 44% of adults aged 18–59 years had ever been tested for HIV (other than blood donations) during 2007–2010, nearly the same as during 2003–2006. From 2003–2006 to 2007–2010, no significant change was observed for non-Hispanic white and Mexican-American adults in this age group. A significant increase was observed in the percentage of non-Hispanic black adults aged 18–59 years (from 57% to 64%) who had ever been tested for HIV. During both periods, non-Hispanic black adults had a significantly higher prevalence of any lifetime HIV testing compared with non-Hispanic white and Mexican-American adults.
QuickStats: Percentage of Adults Aged 18–59 Years Who Were Ever Tested for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) by Race and Hispanic Ethnicity — United States, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003–2006 to 2007–2010October 29, 2014
QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Rates of Death from Fire or Flames by State — National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2007–2011October 20, 2014
During 2007–2011, age-adjusted rates for deaths from fire and flames varied widely by state, ranging from 0.3 per 100,000 population in Hawaii to 2.9 in Mississippi. In 18 states and the District of Columbia, the age-adjusted death rate was significantly higher than the overall U.S. rate of 1.0 per 100,000 population.
Rates were higher than the U.S. rate in most of the southeastern states. In addition to Mississippi, the states with the highest death rates were Alaska (2.1), Alabama (2.0), Arkansas (2.0), and Oklahoma (2.0). The six states with the lowest death rates were Hawaii (0.3), Massachusetts (0.5), Arizona (0.6), California (0.6), Colorado (0.6), and Utah (0.6).
The state of Michigan scores lower than the nation overall in cesarean delivery rate and teen birth rate. The Great Lake state also has a smaller proportion of its population without health insurance than the national average.
However, among the 10 leading causes of death in the United States, Michigan has mortality rates that are higher than the U.S. rates for the following causes: heart disease, cancer, chronic lower respiratory disease, stroke, diabetes, and suicide.
In 2005–2010, 34.6% of U.S. adults aged 20 and over were obese and 7.2% had depression, based on depressive symptoms experienced in the past 2 weeks. Both obesity and depression are associated with many health risks, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and functional limitations. Studies have shown higher rates of obesity in persons with depression. This relationship may vary by sex. Almost 11% of adults take antidepressant medication including persons who are responding well and persons who still have moderate to severe symptoms of depression. Use of some antidepressants is positively related to obesity.
A new report looks at the relationship between depression (defined by moderate to severe symptoms) and antidepressant usage and obesity may inform treatment and prevention strategies for both conditions.
Key Findings from the Report:
- Forty-three percent of adults with depression were obese, and adults with depression were more likely to be obese than adults without depression.
- In every age group, women with depression were more likely to be obese than women without depression.
- The prevalence of obesity was higher for non-Hispanic white women with depression compared with non-Hispanic white women without depression, a relationship that was not present in non-Hispanic black and Mexican-American women.
- The proportion of adults with obesity rose as the severity of depressive symptoms increased.
- Fifty-five percent of adults who were taking antidepressant medication, but still reported moderate to severe depressive symptoms, were obese.
October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month and it’s important to recognize the most common cancer among American women.
Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. When cancer starts in the breast, it is called breast cancer.
There are different symptoms of breast cancer and some people have no symptoms at all. Symptoms can include any change in the size or the shape of the breast, pain in any area of the breast, nipple discharge other than breast milk (including blood), and a new lump in the breast or underarm. If you have any signs that worry you, be sure to see your doctor right away.
41,374 people died of breast cancer in 2011, according to the most recent national data.
There were 2.7 million hospital outpatient department visits during which mammograms were ordered or provided in 2010.
For more information on breast cancer:
QuickStats: Percentage of Adults Aged 18 Years or Older with Trouble Hearing by Sex and Race/Ethnicity – National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2012October 8, 2014
Overall, in 2012, non-Hispanic white adults were more likely to report having trouble hearing compared with Hispanic adults and non-Hispanic black adults. Men (18%) were more likely to report having trouble hearing than women (12%). Among Hispanic and non-Hispanic white adults, men were more likely to report having trouble hearing; however, this pattern was not observed for non-Hispanic black adults, among whom no statistically significant difference was observed between men and women.
A new NCHS report presents 2012 U.S. final mortality data on deaths and death rates by demographic and medical characteristics. These data provide information on mortality patterns among residents of the United States by such variables as sex, race and ethnicity, and cause of death. Information on mortality patterns is key to understanding changes in the health and well-being of the U.S. population. Life expectancy estimates, age-adjusted death rates by race and ethnicity and sex, 10 leading causes of death, and 10 leading causes of infant death were analyzed by comparing 2012 final data with 2011 final data.
Key Findings from the Report:
- Life expectancy at birth for the U.S. population reached a record high of 78.8 years in 2012.
- The age-adjusted death rate for the United States decreased 1.1% from 2011 to 2012 to a record low of 732.8 per 100,000 standard population.
- The 10 leading causes of death in 2012 remained the same as in 2011. Age-adjusted death rates decreased significantly from 2011 to 2012 for 8 of the 10 leading causes and increased significantly for one leading cause (suicide).
- The infant mortality rate decreased 1.5% from 2011 to 2012 to a historic low of 597.8 infant deaths per 100,000 live births. The 10 leading causes of infant death in 2012 remained the same as in 2011.