Breast Cancer Awareness Month

October 2, 2015

An average of more than 41,000 women age 35 and over die of breast cancer each year in the U.S. The annual number of breast cancer deaths among women of this age have remained remarkably consistent over the past 15 years. However, the rate of death for breast cancer has been declining. Since 1987, the age-adjusted breast cancer death rate among women age 35 and up has dropped by one-third, from 66.8 deaths per 100,000 women to 46 per 100,000 in 2013, the last year national data are available.

Early detection has likely played a role in the decline in breast cancer mortality, as mammography and other screening has been on the rise. Since 1987, the percentage of women 40 years of age and up who have had a recent mammography (within the last 2 years) has more than doubled – from 29% in 1987 to nearly 66% in 2013.

Breast cancer remains the 2nd leading cause of cancer death among all women, behind lung cancer.

Racial and Gender Disparities in Suicide Among Young Adults Aged 18–24: United States, 2009–2013

October 1, 2015

Suicide is an act of violence against oneself, resulting in death. Among teenagers and young adults aged 15–24, suicide was the second leading cause of death in 2013. Because patterns of suicide may be different for young adults aged 18–24 than for teens aged 15–17, a new NCHS Health E-Stat examines suicide rates and methods among young adults aged 18–24, by sex and race and Hispanic origin, using recent mortality data from the National Vital Statistics System.

In 2012–2013, young adult males aged 18–24 were more likely than young adult females to commit suicide. This relationship was found for the five race and ethnicity groups studied (non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, Asian or Pacific Islander [API], and American Indian or Alaska Native [AIAN]). The suicide rate was highest in the AIAN population for both males and females (34.3 and 9.9 deaths per 100,000 population, respectively). AIAN males were more than twice as likely to commit suicide as most other gender and racial and ethnic subgroups. Suicide rates for AIAN young adults are likely to be underestimated; a previous study found that deaths overall for the AIAN population were underreported by 30%.

Based on combined data from 2009 through 2013 for non-Hispanic black and non-Hispanic white young adults who committed suicide, firearms was the most common method used, followed by suffocation. For Hispanic, API, and AIAN young adults who committed suicide, suffocation was the most common method used, followed by firearms. Poisoning and falls were more common methods among API young adults who committed suicide (12.6% and 8.1% of suicide deaths, respectively) than among other race and ethnicity groups.

Fact or Fiction: September 2015

September 28, 2015


HIV Infection in U.S. Household Population Aged 18–59

September 24, 2015

A new NCHS report presents estimates of HIV prevalence, the association of HIV status with key risk factors, and the prevalence of antiretroviral drug use among HIV-infected adults, based on the 2007–2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Key Findings from the Report:

  • During 2007–2012, the overall HIV prevalence among adults aged 18–59 residing in U.S. households was 0.39%.
  • Men were more likely to be HIV-infected than women, and non-Hispanic black persons were more likely to be HIV-infected than all other race and Hispanic origin subgroups combined.
  • HIV infection was associated with high-risk populations, including those with herpes simplex virus type 2 infection, 10 or more lifetime sexual partners, a history of prior sexually transmitted infection, or a history of same-sex sexual contact among men.
  • One-half of HIV-infected adults were on antiretroviral therapy (51.9%). Among HIV-infected adults, 86.1% reported any lifetime history of HIV testing outside of blood donations.

Emergency Department Visits Related to Schizophrenia Among Adults Aged 18–64: United States, 2009–2011

September 23, 2015

Schizophrenia is a severe brain disorder with clinical manifestations that may include hallucinations, delusions, and thought and movement disorders.

A new NCHS report describes the rate and characteristics of emergency department (ED) visits related to schizophrenia among adults aged 18–64.

Key Findings from the Report:

  • During 2009–2011, an estimated 382,000 ED visits related to schizophrenia occurred each year among adults aged 18–64, with an overall ED visit rate of 20.1 per 10,000 adults.
  • The overall rate for ED visits related to schizophrenia for men (26.5 per 10,000) was approximately double the rate for women (13.8 per 10,000).
  • Public insurance (Medicaid, Medicare, or dual Medicare and Medicaid) was used more frequently at ED visits related to schizophrenia compared with ED visits not related to schizophrenia.
  • About one-half of ED visits related to schizophrenia led to either a hospital admission (32.7%) or a transfer to a psychiatric hospital (16.7%); these percentages were higher than for ED visits not related to schizophrenia.


Fruit Consumption by Youth in the United States

September 21, 2015

A new study in the October 2015 Pediatrics, “Fruit Consumption by Youth in the United States,” (published online Sept. 21) looks at what fruits—and fruit juices—children are most likely to eat.

The study used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011 to 2012. Using the Food Patterns Equivalents Database and the What We Eat in America 150 food groups, the study calculated the contribution of whole fruit, 100% fruit juices, mixed fruit dishes, and 12 discrete fruit and fruit juices to total fruit consumption. The study also examined differences by age, gender, race and Hispanic origin, and poverty status.

Key Findings from the Report:

  • Nearly 90% of total fruit intake came from whole fruits (53%) and 100% fruit juices (34%) among youth aged 2 to 19 years. Apples, apple juice, citrus juice, and bananas were responsible for almost half of total fruit consumption.
  • Apples accounted for 18.9% of fruit intake. Differences by age were predominately between youth aged 2 to 5 years and 6 to 11 years. For example, apples contributed a larger percentage of total fruit intake among youth 6 to 11 years old (22.4%) than among youth 2 to 5 years old (14.6%), but apple juice contributed a smaller percentage (8.8% vs 16.8%).
  • There were differences by race and Hispanic origin in intake of citrus fruits, berries, melons, dried fruit, and citrus juices and other fruit juices.

Caloric Intake From Fast Food Among Children and Adolescents in the United States, 2011–2012

September 16, 2015

Consumption of fast food has been linked to weight gain in adults. Fast food has also been associated with higher caloric intake and poorer diet quality in children and adolescents. From 1994 through 2006, caloric intake from fast food increased from 10% to 13% among children aged 2–18 years.

NCHS has just released a new report that presents the most recent data on the percentage of calories consumed from fast food among U.S. children by sex, age group, race and Hispanic origin, poverty status, and weight status.

Key Findings from the Report:

  • In 2011–2012, just over one-third of children and adolescents consumed fast food on a given day.
  • In 2011–2012, children and adolescents consumed on average 12.4% of their daily calories from fast food restaurants.
  • Caloric intake from fast foods was higher in adolescents aged 12–19 years than in children aged 2–11 years.
  • Non-Hispanic Asian children had significantly lower caloric intake from fast food compared with non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic children.
  • No significant differences in caloric intake from fast food were noted by sex, poverty status, or weight status.



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