QuickStats: Colorectal Cancer Screening Among Adults Aged 50–75 Years, by Race/Ethnicity

September 30, 2016

During 2000–2015, among adults aged 50–75 years, the use of colorectal cancer tests or procedures increased for all racial/ ethnic groups included in the analysis.

Colorectal screening percentages more than doubled for non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic Asian adults during that period.

Despite these increases, in 2015, the prevalence of colorectal cancer screening was higher among non-Hispanic white (65.6%) adults than among non-Hispanic black (60.3%), non-Hispanic Asian (52.1%), and Hispanic (47.4%) adults.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/wr/mm6538a6.htm


Continued Declines in Teen Births in the United States, 2015

September 28, 2016

The birth rate for teenagers aged 15–19 has fallen almost continuously since 1991, reaching historic lows for the nation every year since 2009.

Despite declines in all racial and ethnic groups, teen birth rates continue to vary considerably by race and ethnicity. Moreover, the U.S. teen birth rate remains higher than in other industrialized countries.

Childbearing by teenagers continues to be a matter of public concern.

A new report presents the recent and long-term trends and disparity in teen childbearing by race and Hispanic origin.

Findings:

  • The teen birth rate declined to another historic low for the United States in 2015, down 8% from 2014 to 22.3 births per 1,000 females aged 15–19.
  • The birth rates for teenagers aged 15–17 and 18–19 declined in 2015 to 9.9 and 40.7, respectively, which are record lows for both groups.
  • In 2015, birth rates declined to 6.9 for Asian or Pacific Islander, 16.0 for non-Hispanic white, 25.7 for American Indian or Alaska Native, 31.8 for non-Hispanic black, and 34.9 for Hispanic female teenagers aged 15–19.
  • Birth rates fell to record lows for nearly all race and Hispanic-origin groups of females aged 15–19, 15–17, and 18–19 in 2015.

New Estimates for 15 selected health measures based on data from the January–March 2016 National Health Interview Survey

September 28, 2016

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A new report from NCHS updates estimates for 15 selected health measures based on data from the January–March 2016 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and presents estimates from 1997 through 2014 for comparison.

The 15 Early Release measures are being published prior to final data editing and final weighting to provide access to the most recent information from NHIS. The estimates will be updated as each new quarter of NHIS data becomes available.

 


QuickStats: Percentage of Adults Aged 65+ Meeting Federal Guidelines for Leisure-Time Aerobic and Muscle-Strengthening Activities

September 23, 2016

From 2000–2002 to 2013–2015, the percentage of older adults who met the 2008 federal guidelines for aerobic activity increased from 35.7% to 42.5% among persons aged 65–74 years, from 24.5% to 30.9% among persons aged 75–84 years, and from 11.9% to 19.4% among persons aged 85 years or older.

The percentage who met the guidelines for muscle strengthening activities increased from 11.7% to 19.3% among those aged 65–74 years, from 9.6% to 14.6% among those aged 75–84 years, and from 6.5% to 10.4% among those aged 85 years or older.

In both periods, within each age group participation declined with age and was lower for muscle strengthening activities compared with aerobic activities.

Source:  https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/wr/mm6537a9.htm


Health, United States Spotlight Infographics September 2016

September 21, 2016

hus_0916_screenshotHealth, United States Spotlights are infographics of selected health data available in Health, United States, the annual report on the health of the nation submitted by the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services to the President and Congress.

Each Spotlight displays approximately four health indicators allowing users to visualize and interpret complex information from different data systems and Health, United States subject areas.

This infographic features indicators from the report’s Health Care Expenditures & Payers subject area.

The full Health, United States reports are available at:http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/hus.htm


Births in the United States, 2015

September 19, 2016

An NCHS report presents several key demographic and maternal and infant health indicators using 2015 final birth data.

Trends in general fertility rates, age-specific birth rates, cesarean and low-risk cesarean delivery, and preterm birth rates are presented.

Findings:

  • There were 3.978 million births in the United States in 2015, down less than 1% from 2014.
  • The 2015 U.S. general fertility rate (births per 1,000 women aged 15–44) was down 1% from 2014.
  • Birth rates dropped in 2015 to record lows among women under age 30 and rose for those aged 30–44.
  • The cesarean delivery rate declined to 32.0% of births in 2015; the preterm birth rate rose slightly to 9.63% from 2014 to 2015.

Health Insurance Data from the National Health Interview Survey

September 16, 2016

The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) has monitored the health of the nation since 1957 and collects data on a broad range of health topics through personal household interviews. NHIS has collected health insurance data periodically since 1959 and annually since 1989. The NHIS health insurance questions have changed and expanded over time to reflect changes in health insurance coverage as well as questionnaire design. Since 1997, the content and flow of the health insurance section has remained relatively stable, incorporating new programs where necessary. For example, new questions added in 2014 obtain information about whether coverage was obtained through the Federal Health Insurance Marketplace and state-based exchanges.

The NHIS allows for both point-in-time uninsured estimates as well as full-year and part-year uninsured estimates. Three estimates of lack of health insurance coverage are published for each calendar quarter: (a) uninsured at the time of interview, (b) uninsured at least part of the year prior to interview (which includes persons uninsured for more than a year), and (c) uninsured for more than a year at the time of interview. In addition, NHIS provides estimates of both public and private coverage as well as enrollment in high-deductible health plans and exchange-based coverage. The NHIS may be used to monitor changes in health insurance coverage throughout the year as the survey is fielded continuously throughout the year.

To see the latest quarterly numbers on health insurance coverage through January-March 2016, check out: Health Insurance Coverage: Estimates from the National Health Interview Survey, January-March 2016, released on September 7, 2016.