QuickStats: Percentage of Residential Care Communities Engaged in Selected End-of-Life and Bereavement Care Practices — National Study of Long-Term Care Providers, United States, 2018

September 24, 2021

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In 2018, when a resident was dying or died, 82% of Residential Care Communities (RCC) documented residents’ family, religious, or cultural preferences in their care plans, 79.9% discussed residents’ spiritual needs with them, 65.1% publicly honored deceased residents in the RCC, and 59.5% offered bereavement services to staff members and residents.

Source: National Study of Long-Term Care Providers, 2018. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/npals/index.htm

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7038a7.htm


Q & A: Trends in Death Rates in Urban and Rural Areas: United States, 1999–2019

September 21, 2021

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Questions for Sally Curtin, Health Statistician and Lead Author of “Trends in Death Rates in Urban and Rural Areas: United States, 1999–2019.”

Q:  Why did you decide to do a report comparing death rates in rural and urban areas?

SC: In many of our reports, we have examined trends in various causes of death by urban-rural status.  However, we had not published data on trends in all-cause mortality by urban-rural status.  In addition, we had not analyzed death rates for all of the 10 leading causes of death by urban-rural status in one report.  Thus, we felt that a report showing national statistics on urban-rural disparities by leading causes of death might be informative to those interested in delving more into these findings at a state or local level.


Q:  How does the data vary by leading causes of death?

SC:  The data in this report present a compelling picture of rural health as the age-adjusted rates for all 10 leading causes of death were higher in rural than urban areas.  In addition, we show that the differences between rates in rural and urban areas were greatest for the top causes of heart disease, cancer and chronic lower respiratory diseases and the gap widened over the 1999-to-2019 period.


Q:  What is the take home message in this report

SC: The gap in mortality between rural and urban areas has widened over the last 20 years with the overall age-adjusted rate in rural areas increasing from 7% higher than in urban areas in 1999 to 20% higher by 2019.  In addition, higher death rates in rural than urban areas were evident for all 10 leading causes of death with the greatest differences for some of the top causes: heart disease, cancer, and chronic lower respiratory diseases.


Q:  Do you have any predictions to how 2020 death rates will look for urban/rural areas will look?

SC:  We (NCHS) are not into forecasting so I will not speculate, but I can tell you that a report on COVID-19 deaths by urban-rural status for 2020 is planned.


Q:  Any other comments?

SC: In the introduction of the report, we point out that there are health challenges that are greater in rural than urban areas such as more limited access to health care, less health insurance, and more poverty.  Hopefully the findings in this report will alert the research community, health practitioners, and the public that the mortality disparity between rural and urban areas is widening and cannot be pinpointed to just a few causes of death but extends to all 10 leading causes.


QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Death Rates for Cancer, by Urban-Rural Status and Sex — National Vital Statistics System, United States, 1999–2019

September 17, 2021

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Cancer death rates declined among males and females during 1999–2019 in urban areas from 249.6 per 100,000 to 168.4 for males and from 168.2 to 123.9 for females.

Rates also declined in rural areas from 262.4 to 195.6 for males and from 165.4 to 139.2 for females.

Throughout the period, cancer death rates were higher for males than females and in rural compared with urban areas, and the urban-rural differences widened over the period for both males and females.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System, Mortality Data. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/deaths.htm

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7037a8.htm


FACT OR FICTION VIDEO: Stressful Life Events Among Children

September 16, 2021

https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/videos/2021/september2021/fof_Sept2021.htm


Monthly Provisional Drug Overdose Counts through February 2021

September 15, 2021

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NCHS has released the next set of monthly provisional drug overdose death counts.  The monthly counts are released under the Vital Statistics Rapid Release program as an interactive data visualization.

Findings: 

  • Provisional data show that the predicted number of drug overdose deaths showed an increase of 30.4% from the 12 months ending in February 2020 to the 12 months ending in February 2021, from 74,234 to 96,801.
  • The predicted number of opioid-involved drug overdose deaths in the United States for the 12-month period ending in February 2021 (72,689) increased from 52,712 in the previous year.

QuickStats: Percentage of Adults Aged 20 Years or Older Who Consumed Fruit on a Given Day, by Race and Hispanic Origin — United States, 2015–2018

September 10, 2021

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During 2015–2018, on a given day, 67.3% of adults aged ≥20 years consumed any fruit; 29.7% consumed citrus, melons, or berries; 47.5% consumed other whole fruits; and 30.8% consumed 100% fruit juice.

Non-Hispanic Asian (76.5%) and Hispanic adults (72.2%) were more likely to consume any fruit on a given day than non-Hispanic White (66.3%) and non-Hispanic Black adults (63.7%).

Non-Hispanic Black adults were least likely to consume citrus, melons, or berries (20.5%) and other whole fruit (35.6%), and non-Hispanic Asian adults were most likely to consume other whole fruits (60.1%).

A higher percentage of non-Hispanic Black (37.7%) and Hispanic (37.5%) adults consumed 100% fruit juice compared with non-Hispanic White (28.5%) and non-Hispanic Asian (28.9%) adults.

Source: NCHS Data Brief, no. 397, National Center for Health Statistics. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db397-H.pdf

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7036a5.htm


QuickStats: Death Rates from Colorectal Cancer by Age Group — United States, 1999–2019

September 7, 2021

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During 1999–2019, deaths per 100,000 persons from colorectal cancer decreased among persons aged 55–64 years (from 33.5 to 24.4), persons aged 65–74 years (from 77.4 to 41.5), and persons aged 75–84 years (from 146.7 to 77.9).

The death rate from colorectal cancer among persons aged 45–54 years generally increased from 1999 (11.1) to 2019 (12.0).

In each year during 1999–2019, the death rate was highest among persons aged 75–84 years and lowest among persons aged 45–54 years.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System, Mortality Data, 1999–2019. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/deaths.htm


NCHS Releases New Reports on Adult Day Service Centers and Residential Care Communities

September 2, 2021

New NCHS reports look at national estimates of selected characteristics of residential care community residents and participants of adults day service centers from the 2018 National Study of Long-Term Care Providers.


NCHS Releases Latest Quarterly Birth Data Through Q1 2021

September 1, 2021

The data is available at the interactive web dashboard below:

Quarterly Provisional Data for Selected Birth Estimates: Q1 2020 – Q1 2021 Vital Statistics Rapid Release Web Data Visualization

https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/vsrr/natality-dashboard.htm

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National Health Interview Survey Releases 7 New Early Release Products

August 31, 2021

The National Health Interview Survey Early Release Program has released 7 new products that include data on health insurance, key health indicators and wirless phone use.

The new products include a report that presents estimates of health insurance coverage for the civilian noninstitutionalized U.S. population based on data from the 2020 National Health Interview Survey.